Website Correction & Further Comments
howzit at io.org
Fri May 24 06:49:00 EDT 1996
>The website is:http://www.io.org/-bunrab/honolist.htm
That will just give people error messages. The ACTUAL address is:
Honohist stands for Honokowai history.
>I have just looked through the homepage of Ursula Keuper-Bennett, as she
>described on May 6. This is a superb use of the Web to convey to the public
>what is happening to many reefs.
My husband and I really appreciate the kind words, thank you. I have
snorkelled/dived this Honokowai reef every summer since 1977 and he since
1987. Then it experienced an permanent invasion of Hypnea musciformis
punctuated by two devastating Cladophora algae blooms in '89 and 91.
Our reef got trashed. Since that time we have watched the resident sea
turtles in the area sicken and "disappear" (we can't prove they die) from a
disease called fibropapillomas. There is a sewage treatment plant
(injection well style) within an easy walk and an impressive amount of the
red fertile West Maui mountainside (complete with fertilizers from
pineapples) makes its way to the ocean bottom via run off.
And we get to go back July 1st and dive the area again. For the several of
you wondering, yes, we have pondered what effect diving in such waters might
have on us....
John you wrote:
>Has anyone done any studies to explain the algal dominance in Honokowai?
Sure. Some. A nutrient run-off study conducted in the dry season comes to
mind. Another search for whether effluent from the injection wells made it
to the ocean. They found some traces but nothing to get excited about.
Read a couple of other papers about the seaweed/algae characteristics and
Most of the studies are what you scientists would refer to as "preliminary".
I think the thing that stands out most from all the diving over the years is
that one Cladophora bloom - just one - can do in a whole lot of corals.
That was the message we wanted to send.
I need to repeat again, the website is:
^ Ursula Keuper-Bennett
0 0 Mississauga, Ontario
/V^\ | | /^V\ Email: howzit at io.org
/V Turtle Trax V\
/V soon 1 yr old V\ http://www.io.org/~bunrab
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