tyre reef wrong ?
Coremap BAPPEDA Tk.I Riau
crmpriau at pbaru.wasantara.net.id
Fri Jul 3 06:09:27 EDT 1998
Dear Mr. Michael and Mr. King
I try to clear this issue
I, m realy sorry if this make you mad
The coral lister where answered me (about 80 % or up) said, Tyre is not
good to be Artificial reef.
But they not reply me the reason with scientific. Just Mr Collin done.
Am I wrong?......
Mr. King, in this case Riau Coremap Tim just helping some Diving club in
Riau University to got a reason from "coral divender of the earth" about
Tyre reef, before they done the wrong one. If they know that are wrong, so
thay will not to do (I hope....)
They just want to helping the "poor Fisherman" at Riau Archipilago where
they didn't have alternative job. The tyre can give them a site for fishing.
Fishing are they cultural job. No fish, no rice and then they son no school.
We save coral reef that for save a fishes stoking of the area. Isn't it?
So why we do all of this if we shall have been catcing a fish?
(That they respon for any C-lister whom not agree the Tyre reef for
I tell you some (bad ide?): one day at juni 1998 my frend told me that he
was listening from a radio, reporting about; our goverment give a
permition and agree to use Tyre for articial reef it mean to saving beach
and to "grow up" a poor fisherman at 24 province in
What we act now?????
Ok .....I shall cancel it if you send me the article or published where
can't destroy the collin scientific Tyre.
Coremap-Bappeda TK I Riau
Jl. Cut Nyak Dhien, Pekanbaru - Riau
crmpriau at pbaru.wasantara.net.id
From: Peter N. King <peking at mail.AsianDevBank.org>
To: COREMAP Bappeda Riau Fadil Nandila <crmpriau at pbaru.wasantara.net.id>;
Michael Risk <riskmj at mcmail.CIS.McMaster.CA>
Cc: Evan Edinger <edinger at mcmail.CIS.McMaster.CA>; Ken Collins
<Kenneth.J.Collins at soc.soton.ac.uk>; Ghislaine Llewellyn
<mcmast at idola.net.id>
Date: 02 Juli 1998 5:29
Subject: Re: Artificial reefs
>Mike and the Riau COREMAP Team
>I completely agree with Mike on this issue. There are many other
>and useful ways to recycle tires rather than dumping them in the sea. If
>need some information on recycling tires let me know. On artificial reefs,
>believe the best use is close to where an existing reef has been damaged by
>blast fishing, coral mining or some other degradation. If the reef has
>to sedimentation or excessive nutrient loading, then there is little point
>trying to replace the original reef with an artificial one, unless the
>cause of the reef loss is solved. Peter King
>Dear Riau COREMAP:
>I was very surprised to read your response to Dr. Collins, of the UK, re
>the use of tires for artificial reefs. It seems that you received many
>responses from the Coral-list that were negative about this, but you got
>the one response you needed, one that would allow you to make the reefs
>It may very well be that tires make useful fish-aggregation devices in
>temperate waters, for at least a short period of time. I should be very
>clear, however: there is no scientific doubt that tires are one of the
>worst possible materials for use in tropical environments. There are
>several reasons for this:
> 1. tires bleed toxic substances (metals,plasticisers)
> 2. corals will not settle on them, hence your artificial reef will never
>become a "real" reef
> 3. over time, tires "exfoliate" (especially true of steel-belted tires)
>There are a number of good references to appropriate materials to use for
>artificial reefs. Some of my own include Atoll Res. Bulletin #255
>(1981-almost 20 years ago!), and a followup in 1988, Mar. Poll. Bull. 19:
>219-222. I would be glad to send you reprints, if you wish. In short, by
>properly arranging the concrete and coral rock of a reef, you can control
>the size of the fish and lobsters attracted to that reef. In a relatively
>short period of time, corals and other invertebrates settle on the reefs,
>converting them to "real" reefs. (In many cases, the lower parts of the
>water column are so sediment-laden that corals cannot settle-but give them
>a concrete block, elevated 30 cm, and settlement occurs. For more on this,
>see Cortes and Risk, 1985.)
>Our project in Semarang just finished, and published, an experiment
>ranking several materials that have been used in SE Asia for artificial
>reefs. Only sheet metal was worse than tires! The best, of course, were
>I recognise that you are under pressure to solve a terrestrial waste
>problem by dumping tires in the sea. I think this is a bad solution, and
>that is what I, as Team Leader, wrote in the COREMAP Final Report, which
>is supposed to guide your actions. This is a bad solution, not only for
>the reasons given above (which should be sufficient), but also because you
>give up further opportunities. In the COREMAP Report, I consulted with Dr.
>Peter Sale, and I pointed out that concrete artificial reefs can be
>constructed in such a way (textures, shapes) as to attract the larvae of
>ornamental and economically-important fish species.
>Cukup. The evidence is quite clear. If you want, I will send you all the
>materials to which I refer above. Or you could read the COREMAP report.
>Dr. Michael Risk
>Professor of Biology and Geology
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