[CDHC] New papers out by CDHC members
Cheryl.Woodley at noaa.gov
Sat Mar 6 15:57:40 EST 2010
Hi CDHC Members
I wanted to draw your attention to two recent publications by fellow
The first is by Katie Southerland et al. in Environmental Microbiology's
The second is by Shini Sunagawa et al. in Plos One which is open access
and posted yesterday.
I have pasted the citations below for your information. If you have any
questions please contact the authors directly.
All the best
Sutherland, K.P., J.W. Porter, J.W. Turner, B.J. Thomas, E.E. Looney,
T.P. Luna, M.K. Meyers, J.C. Futch, and E.K. Lipp. 2010. Human sewage
identified as likely source of white pox disease of the threatened
Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata. Environmental Microbiology
*Human sewage identified as likely source of white pox disease of the
threatened Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata*
Kathryn Patterson Sutherland, ^1 * <#c1> James W. Porter, ^2 Jeffrey W.
Turner, ^2,3 Brian J. Thomas, ^1 Erin E. Looney, ^3 Trevor P. Luna, ^1
Meredith K. Meyers, ^2 J. Carrie Futch ^2,3 and Erin K. Lipp ^3
^1 Department of Biology, Rollins College, Winter Park, FL 32789, USA.
^2 Odum School of Ecology and ^3 Department of Environmental Health
Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.
Correspondence to *E-mail kpsutherland at rollins.edu
<mailto:kpsutherland at rollins.edu>; Tel. (+1) 407 691 1075; Fax (+1) 407
Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata, has been decimated in
recent years, resulting in the listing of this species as threatened
under the United States Endangered Species Act. A major contributing
factor in the decline of this iconic species is white pox disease. In
2002, we identified the faecal enterobacterium, Serratia marcescens,
as an etiological agent for white pox. During outbreaks in 2003 a
unique strain of S. marcescens was identified in both human sewage and
white pox lesions. This strain (PDR60) was also identified from
corallivorious snails (Coralliophila abbreviata), reef water, and two
non-acroporid coral species, Siderastrea siderea and Solenastrea
bournoni. Identification of PDR60 in sewage, diseased Acropora palmata
and other reef invertebrates within a discrete time frame suggests a
causal link between white pox and sewage contamination on reefs and
supports the conclusion that humans are a likely source of this disease.
This message is from Shini Sunagawa:
Hello CDHC Members:
Given the recent discussions on biodiversity loss, the "infamous 82
corals", and that 2010 is the "International Year of Biodiversity", we
would like to draw your attention to a paper published today in PLoS ONE:
In this work, we captured the bacterial diversity associated with
Caribbean corals using pyrosequencing. Two of the species we
investigated are listed under the US Endangered Species Act (Acropora
palmata and A. cervicornis) and two more (Montastraea faveolata and M.
franksi) belong to the "infamous 82 corals", now proposed to be added.
The results illustrate that corals provide specialized microbial
habitats and thus highlight the importance of conserving corals from a
microbial diversity-based perspective.
Thanks for your interest!
Shinichi Sunagawa, Cheryl Woodley and Monica Medina
Cheryl Woodley, Ph.D.
Coral Health and Disease Program
Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research
Hollings Marine Laboratory
331 Fort Johnson Rd
Charleston, SC 29412
cheryl.woodley at noaa.gov
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