[Coral-List] [SPAM] Re: banning wild collection when mariculture sources exist

Charles Delbeek delbeek at waquarium.org
Sun Mar 2 16:47:29 EST 2008

Well said Peter!

I would also like to point out that a coral aquaculture facility on 
Ishigaki Island, Japan, back in the mid-90s was required by permit to 
replant 30% (?) of their production back on to the local reefs. The 
percentage needs to be carefully considered or else the business would 
not be profitable. There are plenty of programs, manuals and models out 
there for how to run coral aquaculture businesses successfully and be 
sustainable as Peter describes, it seems that many people are either 
unaware of these, or choose not to acknowledge them.


Peterrubec at cs.com wrote:
> In a message dated 2/28/2008 11:51:01 PM Eastern Standard Time, lesk at bu.edu 
> writes: 
>> coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
>   It should be noted that marine aquarium fish are collected with nets in 
> many countries. But, the use of cyanide for fishing continues in the Philippines, 
> Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The International Marinelife Alliance-IMA 
> (which I helped to found) has conducted net-training as an alternative and also 
> developed the Destructive Fishing Reform Program (DFRP). This occurred prior 
> to the formation of the Marine Aquarium Council, which IMA supported.  More 
> recently, I have been collaborating with Telapak (an  Indonesian NGO) and the 
> East Asian Seas and Terrestrial Initiatives (EASTI). Both EASTI and Telapak are 
> actively involved with working with aquariuim fish collectors and conducting 
> village-based programs that are promoting sustainability. The village of Les 
> (in northern Bali) has a holding facility and the village cooperative has been 
> exporting net-caught marines. Over the past year they reduced the mortality of 
> fish coming by boat  from net-collectors collectors situated in didstant 
> villages in Bali, Sulawesi, and Java. The village of Serangan is another site where 
> EASTI and Telapak have assisted the village association with the creation of 
> a coral farm. They has been conducting coral reef restoration programs using 
> corals grown from frags. They also created an artificial "live rock" out of 
> cement and volcanic tufa. The artificial rock is set out in the ocean for about 
> three months, then harvested and exported. Both communities have been exporting 
> to buyers in Europe, Canada, and the USA. These villages are examples of a 
> sustainable aquarium trade.
> I have organized sessions titled A Sustainable Marine Aquarium Trade at the 
> last two Marine Ornamentals Conferences held in Las Vegas in 2006 and more 
> recently in Lake Bueno Vista Florida (February 9-11, 2008).  The presentations 
> given showed that it is possible to have sustainable wild harvest, to create 
> coral farms for live rock, fragged corals, and giant clams, and to tie these 
> programs to management measures that foster sustainable use without damaging coral 
> reefs or other coastal habitats.  We are domonstrating that such programs can 
> be economically competetive though the chain of custody.
> Sincerely,
> Peter J. Rubec, Ph.D.
> Tel. 727-896-8626
> Email: peterrubec at cs.com     
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