[Coral-List] La Nina and Warming and Corals

Tom Williams ctwiliams at yahoo.com
Fri Dec 3 12:40:34 EST 2010

Anyone who collected BOD or Coliform samples knows to keep them on ice <38OF elsewise they are subject to growth
Also remember - microbial also includes the fungi 
In some areas, usually around river mouths in tropical areas shallow coral can be hammered by the increased nitrates from field and village runoff - not just sewage treatment plants...several such examples around Borneo/East Malaysia and Indonesia

--- On Fri, 12/3/10, ashley grimmer <ash.grimmer at gmail.com> wrote:

From: ashley grimmer <ash.grimmer at gmail.com>
Subject: [Coral-List] La Nina and global warming
To: Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
Date: Friday, December 3, 2010, 2:33 AM

Dear list,

Billy Causey raises a good point about increased microbial activity with
increasing temps, an idea that I personally have not come across.

If Billy, or anyone for that matter, knows of any references on the topic
would they please share!


I carefully weigh in on this dialog with just a couple of additions to
the great points Doug has raised.  It's also important to discuss
climate change as it relates to coral health because as the water
temperatures increase, so does the microbial activity in the coastal and
marine environment.  And then, you add nutrients to the mix, like we
have in the Florida Keys and other island areas,  a simplistic result is
that you feed the microbes.  Then all sorts of coral diseases start
showing up.  One of the controlling parameters has been how long the
water remains warm, due to elevated sea surface temperatures ...that
result from climate change and how polluted the water is in the area.
So, it is all connected in a synergistic and complex way.  The same
thing happens to fish.  It was no accident that while we were having
massive coral bleaching events in the Wider Caribbean in 1997-98, that
we were having major outbreaks of coral diseases, fish dying from
Brookenella and there were coastal harmful algal blooms in China, the
Gulf and elsewhere on a global scale, at the same time and we were
having a major Pfiesteria outbreak along the eastern seaboard of the
United States.

In my opinion, Doug is correct that coral bleaching and ocean
acidification are serious responses from the impacts of climate change,
but we are just starting to unravel the complexity of the full range of
impacts from climate change to coastal and marine environments.  In the
late 1970s and throughout the 1980's it was  the tropical coral reefs of
the Caribbean that were responding.  Next, we will see more temperate
environments responding to ever-increasing sea surface temperatures.....
and due to climate change.


Ashley Grimmer (B.Sc Hons) M.Sc Candidate
Oceanographic Research Institute
Tel: +27 31 328 8169
Cel: 073 649 5481
Fax: +27 31 328 8188
Email: ash.grimmer at gmail.com
1 King Shaka ave, Point, Durban, South Africa
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