[Coral-List] Publication Available: Determining Thermal Capacitance for PAN Design in Palau
britt.parker at noaa.gov
Thu Jan 21 11:36:03 EST 2010
I am very happy to announce the electronic publication of the Coral Reef
Conservation Program Technical Memo #12: "Determining Thermal
Capacitance for Protected Area Network Design in Palau".
The Tech Memo can be found at
http://coris.noaa.gov/activities/thermal_tech/. Information on the Tech
Skirving, W.J., S.F. Heron, C.R. Steinberg, C. McLean, B.A.A. Parker,
C.M. Eakin, M.L. Heron, A.E. Strong, and L.F. Arzayus. 2010.
/Determining Thermal Capacitance for Protected Area Network Design in
Palau/. Silver Spring, MD: NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program. NOAA
Technical Memorandum CRCP 12. 317 pp.
During the latter half of 1998, Palau experienced unprecedented
bleaching that resulted in significant mortality and the loss of
significant proportions of one of the few remaining pristine coral reefs
in the world. Prior to 1998 and since 1998, little to no ecologically
significant coral bleaching has been observed.
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the Palau Government joined forces to
design and implement a protected areas network (PAN) for Palau's coral
reef ecosystem. A PAN is best described as a series of marine protected
areas (MPAs). They recognized bleaching as being potentially one of the
major future threats to the Palau coral reef ecosystem. However, with
only one poorly documented bleaching event on record, it is difficult to
gain enough experience to be able to build resilience to these events
into the PAN. In parallel with this effort to design a PAN for Palau,
NOAA and the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) were
collaborating on the use of hydrodynamic models to predict heat stress
during a bleaching event. In 2003, it was decided to combine these
efforts and for NOAA and AIMS to produce a heat stress model for Palau
for use in the PAN planning as an attempt to identify factors that might
confer resilience to climate change.
The work described in the main body of this Technical Report represents
an important new tool for Marine Protected Area (MPA) design. Prior to
this project, the design of MPAs was based on species diversity alone
and some socioeconomic considerations. Prior to this work, there had not
been a serious attempt to include physical variables to build resilience
against climate change, and in particular coral bleaching, into MPA
design. This project demonstrated that a simplistic physical model can
be used to improve MPA planning to incorporate resilience against future
coral bleaching events.
Appendix 1 presents a comprehensive overview of the data collected and
allows a brief view of some of the time series collected. These time
series are of sufficient length to undertake a tidal current analysis
for hind-casting or prediction. Appendices 2 and 3 are publications
that came out of the modeling effort in Palau.
**Contact: William.Skirving at noaa.gov
Program Specialist, NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program
IMSG at NOAA/NESDIS Coral Reef Watch
E/RA31, SSMC1, Room 5307, 1335 East West Hwy
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3226
Phone: (301) 713-2857 x132 Fax: (301) 713-3136
Email: Britt.Parker at noaa.gov Web: www.coralreef.noaa.gov
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