[Coral-List] Reply to Edita Magileviciute (low frequency sound effect on coral reef)

Stephen Simpson simpsonstephen at hotmail.com
Sat Jun 26 02:31:01 EDT 2010

Dear Edita,

 should definitely take a look at the work led by Prof. Art Popper
that directly address the effects of low frequency anthropogenic noise
(including seismic surveys) on fish:


 A. N. and Hastings, M. C. (2009).  Effects of anthropogenic
sources of sound on fishes. J. Fish Biol. 75:455-498.


Popper, A. N., and Hastings, M. C. (2009). The 
on fish of human-generated (anthropogenic) sound. Integrative Zool., 

Song, J., Mann, D. A., Cott, P. A., Hanna, B. W.,
Popper, A. N. (2008). The inner ears of northern Canadian freshwater 
following exposure to seismic air gun sounds. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 124:

Halvorsen, M. B., Carlson, T., and Popper, A. N.
(2008). Effects of exposure to pile-driving sounds on fish. Bioacoustics

Popper, A. N., Comeau, L. A., and Campana, S. 
Determination of the effects of seismic exploration on fish (Project 
Bioacoustics 17:212-214. 


Popper, A. N. and Løkkeborg, S. (2008). Effects 
anthropogenic sound on fish. Bioacoustics 17:214-217.


Popper, A. N., Halvorsen, M. B., Kane, E., 
Miller, D.
D., Smith, M. E., Stein, P., and Wysocki, L. E. (2007). The 
effects of high-intensity,
low-frequency active sonar on rainbow trout. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 


Popper, A. N., Smith, M. E., Cott, P. A., Hanna, 
W., MacGillivray, A, O, Austin, M. E, Mann, D. A. (2005). 
Effects of exposure to seismic airgun use on hearing of three fish 
species. J.
Acoust. Soc. Am., 117:3958-3971.


McCauley, R. D., Fewtrell, J, and Popper, A. N. (2003).
High intensity anthropogenic sound damages fish ears. J. Acoust. Soc. 
113:638-642. doi:10.1121/1.1527962

With respect to the effects of noise on reef
organisms, there is a growing body of work that demonstrates the 
importance of
natural reef noise for orientation by larval stages of fish, 
crustaceans, and
now corals and explores the spatial heterogeneity of natural reef noise.
some of these studies larvae actually settled to habitat as a result of 
playback experiments. Here are a few papers that would get you started:


Vermeij MJA, Marhaver KL, Huijbers CM, 
Nagelkerken I,
Simpson SD (2010) Coral larvae move toward reef sounds. PLoS ONE 5(5): 


Radford CA, Stanley JA, Tindle CT, Montgomery JC,
Jeffs AG. 2010. Localised coastal habitats have distinct underwater 
signals. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 401:21-29.


Simpson SD (2008) The sounds of the reef: can we 
to listen before it is too late? Bioacoustics 17:28-29


Simpson SD, Jeffs A, Montgomery JC, McCauley RD,
Meekan MG (2008) Settlement-stage coral reef fishes prefer the higher 
audible component of reef noise. Animal Behaviour 75:1861-1868


Simpson SD, Meekan MG, Jeffs A, Montgomery JC,
McCauley RD (2008) Nocturnal relocation of adult and juvenile coral reef
in response to reef noise. Coral Reefs 27:97-104


Gagliano M, Depczynski M, Simpson SD, Moore J 
Dispersal without errors: symmetrical ears tune into the right frequency
survival, Proc Roy Soc B 275, 527–534


Radford CA, Jeffs AG, Tindle CT, Montgomery JC. 
Temporal patterns in ambient noise of biological origin from a shallow 
temperate reef. Oecologia 156:921-929.


Radford CA, Jeffs AG, Tindle CT, Montgomery JC. 
Resonating sea urchin skeletons create coastal choruses. Mar. Ecol. 
Prog. Ser.


Mann DA, Casper BM, Boyle KS, Tricas TC. 2007. On
attraction of larval fishes to reef sounds. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 


Montgomery JC, Jeffs A, Simpson SD, Meekan MG, 
C (2006) Sound as an orientation clue for the pelagic larvae of reef 
fish and
crustaceans. Advances in Marine Biology, 51:143-196


Leis JM, Lockett MM. 2005. Localization of reef 
by settlement-stage larvae of coral-reef fishes (Pomacentridae). Bull. 
Sci. 76:715-724.


Simpson SD, Meekan MG, Montgomery JC, McCauley 
Jeffs A (2005) Homeward Sound. 
Science 308:221


Simpson SD, Yan HY, Wittenrich ML, Meekan MG 
Response of embryonic coral reef fishes (Pomacentridae: Amphiprion) to 
during development. Marine Ecology Progress Series 287:201-208


Simpson SD, Meekan MG, McCauley RD, Jeffs A 
Attraction of settlement-stage coral reefs fishes to ambient reef noise.
Ecology Progress Series 276:263-268


Tolimieri N, Haine O, Jeffs A, McCauley R, 
J. 2004. Directional orientation of pomacentrid larvae to ambient reef 
Coral Reefs 23:184-191.


Jeffs A, Tolimieri N, Montgomery JC. 2003. Crabs 
cue for the coast: the use of underwater sound for orientation by 
pelagic crab
stages. Mar. Freshw. Res. 54:841-845.


Leis JM, Carson-Ewart BM, Hay AC, Cato DH. 2003.
Coral-reef sounds enable nocturnal navigation by some reef-fish larvae 
in some
places and at some times. J. Fish Biol. 63:724-737.


Tolimieri N, Jeffs A, Montgomery JC. 2000. 
sound as a cue for navigation by the pelagic larvae of reef fishes. Mar.
Prog. Ser. 207:219-224.


So putting these two bodies of research together,
well as damaging hearing apparatus, the effects of anthropogenic noise 
potentially lead to masking, where natural cues become less easy to 
detect, or
the attraction of larvae towards inappropriate habitat or the repulsion 
larvae away from natural settlement sites.


I hope this helps with your research.




Steve Simpson

Dr Stephen 
D. Simpson - Fish Ecologist
University of Bristol

School of 
Biological Sciences
Woodland Road
Bristol, BS8 1UG, UK

 +44 (0) 117 954 5909 / +44 (0) 7900551883
Stephen.Simpson at bristol.ac.uk / simpsonstephen at hotmail.com

> Message: 6
Date: Fri, 25 Jun 2010 05:19:19 +0000 (GMT)
> From: Edita 
Magileviciute <editamagil at yahoo.ie>
> Subject: [Coral-List] 
low frequency sound effect on coral reef
> To: 
coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> Message-ID: 
<64167.28961.qm at web24205.mail.ird.yahoo.com>
> Content-Type:
 text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
> Dear All,
 I would highly appreciate if you could share some information/articles 
regarding effects of seismic surveys (or low frequency sounds 
50-300Hz)?in near shore waters and its effects on coral reef, reef fish,
 eggs and larvae. 
> Thank you very much,
 Edita Magileviciute

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