[Coral-List] Impact of listing 66 coral species on coral research

Eugene Shinn eshinn at marine.usf.edu
Fri Dec 14 16:12:49 EST 2012

Thank you Jennifer for explaining the listing details.  For years I 
had been under the impression that a species had to be threatened 
throughout it range to be listed. I see now there is no such 

Under the definition of the difference between threatened and 
endangered I note it says:
"In terms of application, a species listed as endangered 
automatically receives the full protection of the act, including all 
prohibitions on the following activities: import and export; "take" - 
meaning harrass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, 
capture, or collect, or attempt to engage in any such conduct; 
possess, sell, deliver, carry transport, or ship if taken illegally; 
interstate and foreign commerce." 
      I supposed the key word is, "harm" which could include the long 
list provided recently by Doug Fenner. Would Co2 or fire of any kind 
that produces Co2 qualify as "harm"?  It seems that what qualifies as 
harm could have wide interpretation and could include Parrot fish 
biting live coral. That is harm we see on every trip to the reef.

      Most interesting is the sentence, " We must develop and 
implement recovery plans for all listed species regardless of listing 
status." Now we all know that will never happen. We are still waiting 
for the Acropra plan.
Thank you for the clarifications. Gene


No Rocks, No Water, No Ecosystem (EAS)
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E. A. Shinn, Courtesy Professor
University of South Florida
College of Marine Science Room 221A
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<eshinn at marine.usf.edu>
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