[Coral-List] New video of Giant Barrel Sponges

Pawlik, Joseph pawlikj at uncw.edu
Mon Jul 29 11:15:37 EDT 2013

Greetings, listers!

Those of us who study sponges on Caribbean coral reefs have been claiming that sponges are now the primary living habitat providers on many reefs.  Here is a new video that helps make this clear:
Be sure to set your YouTube settings to HD, turn up screen brightness, and turn on your audio.
This video comes from out-islands with undisturbed reefs having some of the highest coral cover in the Caribbean -- this is only moderate sponge cover relative to some reefs we've been on.

If you're interested in the ecology of the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta, check out these papers:
 McMurray, S.E., Blum, J.E., and Pawlik, J.R.  2008.  Redwood of the reef: growth and age of the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta in the Florida Keys. Marine Biology, 155:159-171.
McMurray, S.E. and Pawlik, J.R.  2009.  A novel technique for the reattachment of large coral reef sponges. Restoration Ecology, 17: 192-195
López-Legentil, S. and Pawlik, J.R.  2009.  Genetic structure of the Caribbean giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta using the I3-M11 partition of COI. Coral Reefs, 28: 157-165.
Cowart, J.D., Henkel, T.P., McMurray, S.E., and Pawlik, J.R.  2006.  Sponge orange band (SOB): a pathogenic-like condition of the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta.  Coral Reefs 25: 513
 McMurray, S.E., Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2010.  Demographics of increasing populations of the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta in the Florida Keys. Ecology, 91:560-570
López-Legentil, S., Erwin, P.M., Pawlik, J.R., and Song, B.K. 2010.  Effects of sponge bleaching on ammonia oxidizing Archaea: Distribution and relative expression of ammonia monooxygenase genes associated with the barrel sponge Xestospongia muta. Microbial Ecology, 60: 561-571.
McMurray, S.E., Blum, J.E., Leichter, J.J. and Pawlik, J.R.  2011.  Bleaching of the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta in the Florida Keys. Limnology and Oceanography, 56: 2243-2250.

Joseph R. Pawlik, Professor
UNCW Center for Marine Science
5600 Marvin K Moss Lane
Wilmington, NC  28409   USA
pawlikj at uncw.edu<mailto:pawlikj at uncw.edu>; Office:(910)962-2377; Cell:(910)232-3579
Website: http://people.uncw.edu/pawlikj/index.html<https://mail.uncw.edu/owa/UrlBlockedError.aspx>
PDFs: http://people.uncw.edu/pawlikj/pubs2.html<https://mail.uncw.edu/owa/UrlBlockedError.aspx>

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