[Coral-List] Fwd: Social-ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climatic shocks

John McManus jmcmanus at rsmas.miami.edu
Wed May 15 12:04:05 EDT 2013

This is a superb document with very helpful conclusions and a very useful
literature list.

Congratulations to the authors!


-----Original Message-----
From: coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
[mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov] On Behalf Of Jim Hendee
Sent: Tuesday, May 14, 2013 1:07 PM
To: Coral-List Subscribers
Subject: [Coral-List] Fwd: Social-ecological vulnerability of coral reef
fisheries to climatic shocks

FYI, posted on GCFINET:

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: 	[GCFINET] NEW Publication: Social-ecological vulnerability
coral reef fisheries to climatic shocks
Date: 	Tue, 14 May 2013 12:57:57 -0400
From: 	VanAnrooy, Raymon (FAOSLC) <Raymon.VanAnrooy at FAO.ORG>
Reply-To: 	Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Network

*Cinner, J., McClanahan, T., Wamukota, A., Darling, E., Humphries, A.,
Hicks, C., Huchery, C., Marshall, N., Hempson, T., Graham, N., Bodin, Ö.,
Daw, T. & Allison, E. 2013. /Social-ecological vulnerability of coral reef
fisheries to climatic shocks. /*FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No.
1082. Rome, FAO. 63 pp.

This circular examines the vulnerability of coral reef social-ecological
communities to one effect of climate change, coral bleaching. The objective
was to develop and test in Kenya a community-level vulnerability assessment
approach that incorporated both ecological and socio-economic dimensions of
vulnerability in order to target and guide interventions to reduce
vulnerability. In addition to a range of direct threats such as siltation,
overfishing and coral disease, coral reefs are now threatened by climate
change. Climate impacts on coral reefs and associated fisheries include:
increasing seawater temperatures; changes in water chemistry
(acidification); changes in seasonality; and increased severity and
frequency of storms, which affect coral reef ecosystems as well as fisheries
activities and infrastructure. Coral bleaching and associated coral
mortality as a result of high seawater temperatures is one of the most
striking impacts of climate change that has been observed to date. As
warming trends continue, the frequency and severity of bleaching episodes
are predicted to increase with potentially fundamental impacts on the
world's coral reefs and on the fisheries and livelihoods that depend on
them. The analysis presented in this circular combined ecological
vulnerability (social exposure), social sensitivity and social adaptive
capacity into an index of social-ecological vulnerability to coral
bleaching. All three components of vulnerability varied across the sites and
contributed to the variation in social-ecological vulnerability. Comparison
over time showed that adaptive capacity and sensitivity indices increased
2008 until 2012 owing to increases in community infrastructure and
availability of credit. Disaggregated analysis of how adaptive capacity and
sensitivity varied between different segments of society identified the
young, migrants and those who do not participate in decision-making as
having both higher sensitivity and lower adaptive capacity and, hence, as
being the most vulnerable to changes in the productivity of reef fisheries.

The PDF publication can be downloaded from the following url:

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