[Coral-List] Acropora prolifera issues

Szmant, Alina szmanta at uncw.edu
Fri Sep 6 13:16:59 EDT 2013

Yep, I have seen also, and a cervicornis branch growing seamless bottom up right through the middle of a palmata frond.

Dr. Alina M. Szmant
Professor of Marine Biology
Center for Marine Science and Dept of Biology and Marine Biology
University of North Carolina Wilmington
5600 Marvin Moss Ln
Wilmington NC 28409 USA
tel:  910-962-2362  fax: 910-962-2410  cell: 910-200-3913

-----Original Message-----
From: coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov [mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov] On Behalf Of Dennis Hubbard
Sent: Friday, September 06, 2013 8:49 AM
To: Gregor Hodgson
Cc: coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
Subject: Re: [Coral-List] Acropora prolifera issues

Somewhere in my mountain of slides, I have photos of both A. prolifera and A. cervicornis (based on visual character and not genetics)growing from the corner of a healthy A. palmata. Any ideas on what this means?


On Thu, Sep 5, 2013 at 2:45 PM, Gregor Hodgson <gregorh at reefcheck.org>wrote:

> We are also seeing more Acropora prolifera in several areas of the 
> Caribbean, however, a couple of caveats in interpreting the data.
> 1. While the species is Lamarck, 1816, and was included in taxonomic 
> work such as Wood, EM 1983 Corals of the World TFH Publications, there 
> was a lot of doubt if it could be a "valid" species during the 1970s  
> 80s, so it was not really recognized by many ecologists until at least 
> the 1990s, was not even mentioned in field guides such as Kaplan, EH 
> 1982 A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida. 
> Houghton Mifflin, and not nailed down by multiple lines of genetic 
> evidence until 2002 by Vollmer,  S.V. & Palumbi, S.R. Hybridization and the evolution of reef coral  diversity.
> Science 296, 2023-2025 (June 14, 2002).
> <
> http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMe
> d&lis t_uids=12065836&dopt=Abstract>  so many probably ignored it in 
> prior field studies.
> 2. Prior to the collapse of Acropora in the Caribbean during the 
> 1980s, there was so much Acropora on reefs (often occupying 50% of the 
> reef, that the hybrid species could have easily been missed/ignored by accident.
> 3. Relatively speaking we are still seeing more cervicornis and 
> palmata than prolifera in places like Haiti and Cuba which have served 
> as refuges for Acropora during the meltdown. (One wonders if the lack 
> of 2-stroke engines and sunscreen in these two countries have helped?) 
> Sunscreens Cause Coral Bleaching by Promoting Viral Infections 
> <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2291018/>
> 4. Roberto Danovaro, Lucia Bongiorni, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Donato 
> Giovannelli, Elisabetta Damiani, Paola Astolfi, Lucedio Greci, Antonio 
> Pusceddu 5. Environ Health Perspect. 2008 April; 116(4): 441447. 
> Published online
> 2008 January 3. doi: 10.1289/ehp.10966 Gregor Hodgson, PhD Executive 
> Director Reef Check Foundation PO Box 1057 (mail)
> 17575 Pacific Coast Highway (overnight) Pacific Palisades, CA 90272 
> T: +1 310-230-2371 or 2360
> Gregorh at reefcheck.org
> Skype: gregorh001
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Dennis Hubbard
Chair, Dept of Geology-Oberlin College Oberlin OH 44074
(440) 775-8346

* "When you get on the wrong train.... every stop is the wrong stop"*  Benjamin Stein: "*Ludes, A Ballad of the Drug and the Dream*"
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