[Coral-List] Red Alert

Fundación ICRI Colombia en Pro de los Arrecifes Coralinos icri.colombia at gmail.com
Mon Nov 30 13:02:35 EST 2015

Dear Colleagues,

Yes, we all do need to #ChangeGlobalBehavior to improve Coral Reefs
Conservation.  The message to convey needs Scientific (rational)
Intelligence, but also assertive Diplomatic and Science based Advocacy
(Emotional Intelligence) as well as considering respect of the
different believes (Cultural-Spiritual Intelligence).

Regardless, that is to difficult to change the mind of developers, we
should keep trying to do it, so the top decision-makers assume their
responsibility for their current decisions.

As in the case of the Government of Colombia, ICRI Member, The
Foundation ICRI Colombia in Pro of Coral Reefs, We have advised
transparently and voluntarily for more than seven years with
scientific knowledge to the Ministry of Environment and Sustainablle
Development and engaged The National Park Systems to protect coral
reefs as their mandate. However, the  priorities of the current
Government Officers are to favor unsustainable developing and today a
new OIL Plataform is about to be placed very cllose to the potential
NEW Coral Reef Area that has even a new Species to b e reported in the

Scientists from the academia (U.Antioquia), local NGOs (APRESERVAR),
the fishermen from PESCAPUR, divers (BLUE&GREEN) and us in alliance
acting to reverse that decision that we welcome the international
participation to help us to have a real ,#ColombiaSostenible #COP21
During #MonthOfTheReef #ChangeGlobalBehavior #ChangeGlobalBehaviour

Our Mission is to include more scientists to share with the general
public and to call the attention of top decision makers to look for
alternative energies and environmental solutions based on Scientific
Knowledge to Imrpove Coral reefs management effectiveness within the
Interntional Network RENOVO. It is time to become the voice of the
coral reefs some local impacts as OIL EXPLORATION may be even more
devastating that the gradual trend of #GlobalWarming!!!

By defeating Keystone XL, It was an international case study that
proved that nothing is impossible. By standing together, working hard,
and never giving up, we may beat Big Oil activities close to coral
reef areas.

All the best,
Nohora Galvis
Fundación ICRI Colombia

2015-11-26 6:07 GMT-05:00, martina <m.milanese at studioassociatogaia.com>:
> Hi everybody,
> just a quick note: be it divers, fishermen, boaters, beach goers etc
> etc... aren't we done with the "us against them" yet? Sorry, but it
> seems to me a very old-fashioned approach, and one that clearly didn't
> pay off well. Time for a change, maybe?
> Personally, I'd get terribly annoyed if someone, for knowledged he/she
> may be, came to me preaching and treating me as I was a dummy insensible
> user. It doesn't surprise me at all this way didn't go much further in
> the past decades.
> We are all users (and abusers) of something (not necessarily nature) in
> some ways, and we all make very stupid decisions that affect our
> community. Shall we think of economy, for instance? Are we all super
> skilled in the subject and can we confirm we never behaved in such a way
> as to negatively influence global economic trends? Speaking for myself,
> I certainly can't. Not an excuse, of course, but let's put ourselves in
> other users' shoes for a moment. There's room for change but there are
> also reasons why we use and reasons why we may not change completely.
> Ignoring all this is a blind approach, and not a fair one.
> Then there's the other aspect: don't you feel that the same comments and
> blah blah goes on every couple of months? Apart from pointing the finger
> at the usual culprits (and maybe write yet another paper showing how bad
> they are), how many of us are really sitting down with "the evil side"
> and try to find a solution? I'm saying it REALLY trying? Please tell me
> something new, not the usual sentence "I tried but they are not
> interested because they are
> stupid/ignorant/greedy/insensitive/all-of-the-above", or we must
> conclude some of us are superheroes as apparently they are achieving
> such impossible aim (but it takes time, understanding and humbleness).
> While the "us against them" saga continues, our fellows from other
> branches of the conservation sciences are unveiling surprising things
> such as: the power of collaborative learning and management; the
> importance of conservation marketing; the value of local knowledge
> embedded into decision making and enforcement. And - hard to believe -
> some of them get results!
> It is very sad to realise not even scientists listen to other
> scientists. Then, why should users?
> Regards
> Martina
> Il 25/11/15 12:43, Steve Mussman ha scritto:
>> Peter, Nicole and Listers,
>> First let me say that I received a number of helpful responses and as a
>> result I have quite a few papers to sift through that relate to valuation.
>> That's a good thing, and I look forward to it. Thanks to all of you who
>> took the time to help me find my way. I also think that Nicole hit on yet
>> another important point. When we talk about the role of the "diving
>> industry", it might be best to break it down into subsets. There are
>> likely to be different strategies that should be applied when we are
>> attempting to reach out to diverse populations of divers, dive shops,
>> resorts and even manufacturers. We can do that, and your thoughts and
>> ideas help, but I also have come to see these efforts as part of a bigger
>> philosophical debate that is brewing involving broader, conflicting world
>> views. Les Kaufman brought to my attention the divide that exists between
>> those who believe that the old tools and tactics of classical
>> environmental conservation no longer apply in this century. They!
>   argue tha
> t our goals are misplaced and unrealistic. We need to change our view of the
> natural world and become more pragmatic. They say we need to stop advocating
> for pristine wilderness and instead find solace in "the swamp at the edge of
> town". Nature, we are told is not so fragile and impoverished. I guess that
> suggests that many of us are old-school in that we don't mind admitting that
> we place a higher value on the sense of wonder that can only be found in the
> relatively undisturbed, still-wild versions of nature. Peter, you wrote that
> "asking if there are any studies that contradict what appears to be the
> prevailing consensus among marine biologists that coral reefs are
> increasingly being threatened by land-based pollutants, over-fishing, and
> climate change is almost like asking if there are any papers that report
> that sky is not blue". Well, that's what I'm trying to say. The fact is that
> my industry's leaders have a myopic view of the sky . . . one that refutes
> the "blue theo!
>  ry". Inste
> ad, they see only the red hues and the green puff of a flawless Caribbean
> sunset. Seriously, it is as if science doesn't exist. That's perhaps the
> most disturbing part of the story.
>> Regards, Steve Mussman
>> ---Original Message-----
>>> From: Peter Sale <sale at uwindsor.ca>
>>> Sent: Nov 23, 2015 10:53 PM
>>> To: "Nicole L. Crane" <nicrane at cabrillo.edu>
>>> Cc: "coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov" <coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
>>> Subject: Re: [Coral-List] Blue Alert
>>> Nicole,
>>> Yes, you understand the problem.  Dive operators need to focus on the
>>> dive sites they use, not the global decline on reefs.  While we
>>> scientists and other ‘coral-listers’ need to acknowledge that what makes
>>> a reef fantastic (to us) is not necessarily what makes a reef dive
>>> fantastic to the sport diver who just went on it.  Earlier today I
>>> received an e-mail not copied to the list by a knowledgeable individual
>>> who told me about a dive with friends on a biologically rich reef in SE
>>> Asia.  At the end of the dive, his friends consensus was that the reef
>>> was “pretty boring, because all the coral was brown”.  For those friends,
>>> ‘good dive’ does not correlate closely with ‘rich reef’..
>>> At the same time, dive operators should understand that living reefs are
>>> a resource that underpins their business, and ideally would be doing
>>> whatever they can to enhance the understanding of reefs among their
>>> clients.  A part of that is sustainable practice.
>>> And, yes, many scientists have a terrible tendency to ‘talk down’ to
>>> non-specialists, destroying the possibility of education in the process..
>>> Keep doing what you are doing.
>>> Peter Sale
>>> From: Nicole L. Crane [mailto:nicrane at cabrillo.edu]
>>> Sent: Monday, November 23, 2015 10:55 AM
>>> To: Peter Sale
>>> Cc: coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
>>> Subject: Re: [Coral-List] Blue Alert
>>> I wanted to weigh in here.  Peter has it right, but telling the dive
>>> industry that will alienate many of them.  People who want quantifiable
>>> projections are generally looking for a way to hold off on their own
>>> changes.  ‘Current rate of decline’ is also not really quantifiable since
>>> there is such regional and even much smaller spacial scale variability in
>>> reef response and subsequent rate of decline.  We are working on and
>>> about to publish our work in Ulithi Atoll that documents Atoll scale
>>> variability in reef types and associated decline related to human
>>> impacts.  And this is an atoll with NO diving tourism and just
>>> subsistence fishing.  Some sites are ‘pristine-ish’ while others are
>>> highly degraded.
>>> So, What we do in Ulithi is sit down with the resource users and explain
>>> to them the science behind the changes in their reefs, and the probable
>>> (difficult to quantify) influence on that decline of their activities.
>>> We have found this to be incredibly effective.  Rather than tell them
>>> what’s going on globally and why they should make changes, we arm them
>>> with knowledge about their system, and discuss the likely outcomes of
>>> business as usual.  The decision about what to do about it is theirs.
>>> They have asked us for advice though, and that is an opportunity to
>>> insert some possible solutions…
>>> I don’t know if this approach would go over well with the dive industry.
>>> I was very involved with the dive industry for many years, and find local
>>> operations often very open to this kind of dialog, and often hungry for
>>> information.  What I found them tired of is people (scientists?) telling
>>> then what they should do - since they often felt they were not the
>>> problem.  Once they understand that every single person can start a
>>> ‘wound’ on already stressed reefs, and that ‘wound’ can spread, they
>>> begin to see how every person matters, and their role in passing that
>>> info on.  Many of them don’t have any idea of the nature of what a coral
>>> animal is and how it functions (as I’m sure you know)..
>>> I’m not even sure if I’m addressing your original e-mail here…and I’m
>>> sure I’m saying things you already know..  Somehow I think the
>>> ‘Education’ campaign sometimes goes wrong, since ‘Education’ can seem
>>> derogatory (I know, so let me tell).  Knowledge is something shared, and
>>> both the scientist and the dive operator have important knowledge to
>>> share…maybe if we partnered in this way we would be more on the same
>>> page?
>>> Thanks for your good work
>>> Nicole
>>> On Nov 21, 2015, at 12:11 PM, Peter Sale
>>> <sale at uwindsor.ca<mailto:sale at uwindsor.ca>> wrote:
>>> Steve, and List,
>>> Sounds like your dive industry colleagues are playing hard to get.
>>> Asking if there are any recent studies that contradict what appears to be
>>> the prevailing consensus among marine biologists that coral reefs are
>>> increasingly being threatened by land-based pollutants, over-fishing and
>>> climate change is almost like asking if there are any papers that report
>>> that the sky is not blue.  There may be differing opinions on how big
>>> 'increasingly' is,but even there, I doubt there are any scientists who
>>> think the human impacts on reefs are uniform across the globe.  Are there
>>> specific places that are not affected by each of these?  Yes for
>>> pollution and over-fishing, but no for climate change or acidification.
>>> So the literature cannot help you much with this request.
>>> Are there quantitative studies of the economic value of reefs, and the
>>> loss of value if they are degraded? Yes, there are.  I do not have
>>> specific references at hand,but others will surely suggest some.  One
>>> difficulty you will have convincing your colleagues, however, is that
>>> reefs are a shared resource.  There is no direct and immediate benefit
>>> for one operator to modify practices to be environmentally sustainable,
>>> unless he/she is operating in a location or business niche in which the
>>> clients will make decisions based on evident greenness of competing
>>> operators.  And there is always the nasty reality that the majority of
>>> sport divers cannot tell the difference between a rich reef and a dead
>>> one.  If it has great topography, and myriad fish swimming about it can
>>> yield a great dive experience.
>>> You may have to settle for building communication and collaboration in
>>> marketing among the minority (?) of operators who actually get the fact
>>> that the places they love are at risk if we do not all mend our ways.
>>> Hotels advertise their environmental sustainability (not always honestly)
>>> as part of their marketing; why shouldn't dive operators do the same?
>>> Peter Sale
>>> @PeterSale3
>>> www.petersalebooks.com<http://www.petersalebooks.com>
>>> ________________________________________
>>> From:
>>> coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
>>> <coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml..noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml..noaa.gov>>
>>> on behalf of
>>> coral-list-request at coral.aoml..noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list-request at coral..aoml.noaa.gov>
>>> <coral-list-request at coral.aoml.noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list-request at coral..aoml.noaa.gov>>
>>> Sent: November 21, 2015 12:00 PM
>>> To: coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
>>> Subject: Coral-List Digest, Vol 87, Issue 19
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>>> Today's Topics:
>>>   1. Blue Alert - Have You Seen Any Studies? (Steve Mussman)
>>> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>>> Message: 1
>>> Date: Fri, 20 Nov 2015 10:03:29 -0500 (EST)
>>> From: Steve Mussman <sealab at earthlink.net<mailto:sealab at earthlink.net>>
>>> Subject: [Coral-List] Blue Alert - Have You Seen Any Studies?
>>> To:
>>> "coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>"
>>> <coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov<mailto:coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>>
>>> Message-ID:
>>> <32681970.1448031810829.JavaMail.root at wamui-mosaic.atl.sa.earthlink...net<mailto:32681970.1448031810829.JavaMail.root at wamui-mosaic.atl.sa.earthlink..net>>
>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
>>> Dear Listers,
>>> I am trying to find any examples of well-performed, peer reviewed
>>> scientific studies that relate to two specific areas of interest. One is
>>> quite simple. Have there been any studies published that contradict what
>>> appears to be the prevailing consensus among marine biologists that coral
>>> reefs are increasingly being threatened by land-based pollutants,
>>> over-fishing and climate change? It seems to be almost impossible to
>>> quantify the exact degree to which there is a scientific consensus, so I
>>> would like to know if there have been any papers published that seem to
>>> challenge the theory. The second request is a bit more complicated. Are
>>> there any studies out there that might apply to this concept? I'm looking
>>> for projections that take into account the current rate of coral reef
>>> decline and link that to corresponding expectations regarding economic
>>> impacts that specify the diving and dive tourism industries. Something
>>> that might answer the question of what are the likely costs (i!
>  n t
>>> erms such as net present value, return on investment, consumer demand,
>>> etc) of continuing to do business as usual i.e., continuing without
>>> aggressively addressing the underlying threats. Any help or suggestions
>>> would be greatly appreciated.   Thank you in advance, Steve Mussman
>>> ------------------------------
>>> _______________________________________________
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>>> End of Coral-List Digest, Vol 87, Issue 19
>>> ******************************************
>>> _______________________________________________
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>>> Nicole L. Crane
>>> Faculty, Cabrillo College
>>> Natural and Applied Sciences
>>> www.cabrillo.edu/~ncrane<http://www.cabrillo.edu/~ncrane>
>>> onepeopleonereef.ucsc.edu<http://onepeopleonereef.ucsc.edu>
>>> Senior Conservation Scientist
>>> Oceanic Society
>>> www.oceanicsociety.org<http://www.oceanicsociety.org>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Coral-List mailing list
>>> Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
>>> http://coral.aoml.noaa.gov/mailman/listinfo/coral-list
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