[Coral-List] suctioning off black band disease

Laurie Richardson richardl at fiu.edu
Sun Sep 27 12:20:10 EDT 2015

Hi Julian - thank you for your comments. I'm copying the list since others are interested in this approach too. So, here is the history:

In about 1990 Harold Hudson, a biologist for the Florida Keys Sanctuary, invented an apparatus to suction off black band disease from infected corals. It consisted of a large tube (about 4 cm diameter) attached to a small (1 cm diameter suction tube) with a valve connected to a scuba tank.  The pressurized air going from the small to large tube created suction that could then suck up the (loosely attached) black band material, which then moved up the large tube to the surface (boat) where it went into a large container, and disposed of on land.  This is important since Harold knew that any floating pieces of black band mat that landed on another coral would cause a new infection. I don't know if the methods was ever published.

Well, the method worked and cured BBD infected corals.  It was important to 'dig' into the infected tissue to get any cyanobacterial filaments out, then to patch the lesion with modeling clay.  In fact, it worked so well that Dean Schweinler, an environmentalist/dive boat captain who knew Harold, coordinated a Florida Keys-wide effort of dive operators to network about BBD outbreaks, and the apparatus was moved up and down the Keys - and the outbreak was contained.  It was so successful that I asked if a 3 inch wide black band at one of my study sites could remain so I could study the microbiology of the disease.

Anyway, I modified the suction approach and found that using 60 ml syringes (needleless) works just as well.  You have to suction the band into the syringe, which disperses it, then watch and wait until the band forms a clump in the syringe (less that minute) and then carefully extrude the clump into a large plastic baggy, making sure the material doesn't get loose in the water column (and closing the baggy).  Then, again, patch with modeling clay.

This technique really works and we saved many corals by stopping the disease. It's also important to go back a few days after and check the colony, because sometimes the band is deep in the tissue and moves under the clay, reappearing as a new infection, at which point you just suction off that last bit and repatch.

This works for black band disease, which is a loosely attached mat on the coral surface and usually outbreaks are manageable in that there are not 100s (or thousands) of infected colonies.  I have not tried it on the other coral diseases which usually manifest as a sharp line between apparently healthy tissue and exposed skeleton, such as white syndromes (which can affect thousands of coral hosts in a population, such as is occurring right now on reefs off of Miami) or white band (the host acroporids are protected against destructive sampling).  

Anyway, I don't know what diseases you have on your reefs but I think the syringe suctioning method is worth a try.  If the disease is not mat forming, try keeping the entire contents inside multiple syringes and empty them onshore.  Also, be sure to sterilize the syringes between efforts. 

I would be really interested to see if you try this and could tell us if it works.  And of course, you would have to monitor (!) the treated colonies to see if they are cured.  A good reason to monitor !  Good luck and best regards ~   Laurie 

Laurie Richardson, PhD
Professor, Department of Biological Sciences
Florida International University
Miami, Florida 33199
Treasurer, Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean
Council Member, International Society for Reef Studies
Member, Tropical Botanic Artists

From: Julian @ Reef Check <julian at reefcheck.org.my>
Sent: Thursday, September 24, 2015 10:18 PM
To: Laurie Richardson
Subject: RE: SPAM R2:  Re: [Coral-List] [AMLC Members] What would you need to improve the monitoring of your coral reefs?

Hi Laurie

Speaking as a monitoring organisation, I can only strongly support what you

But actually, I am writing about the other topic in your email - the
suggested "vacuuming" of coral disease off coral colonies. Not something I
have heard of previously. We are seeing increasing amounts of disease here,
albeit from a very small base. But we don't know what to do - it's one of
those situations where intervention is possibly worse than cure if removing
the colony leads to a disturbance in the diseased area, leading to the
release of spores, cells, etc into the water column to infect other

So your "suctioning off the band" sounds really intriguing. Is there any
literature on this, or a methodology written up? It sounds incredibly
sensible to me, so I would like to find out more.

Many thanks in advance.


Julian Hyde
General Manager
Reef Check Malaysia
03 2161 5948
Follow us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/rcmalaysia


"The bottom line of the Millenium Assessment findings is that human actions
are depleting Earth's natural capital, putting such strain on the
environment that the ability of the planet's ecosystems to sustain future
generations can no longer be taken for granted."

-----Original Message-----
From: coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
[mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov] On Behalf Of Laurie
Sent: Wednesday, 23 September, 2015 6:41 AM
To: Mark Vermeij; coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
Cc: members at lists.amlc-carib.org
Subject: SPAM R2: Re: [Coral-List] [AMLC Members] What would you need to
improve the monitoring of your coral reefs?

Hi all - A big problem is not following up on coral monitoring.  As you
know, Mark, I found a black band disease hot spot between the Hilton and
Carmabi when we sampled during the meeting, and twice I have offered to come
down (at my expense and bring a grad student) and cure the corals by
suctioning off the band (this works - I know from experience) and you have
not even answered me.  There are dozens of small to midsized Diploria and
Pseudodiploria there, and this contagious disease will wipe out this new
population.  Besides the BBD infected colonies everything looked really

Yes, we need to monitor, but if it is possible (as with BBD) to make a
difference we should actively try to help the reefs and individual corals
recover.  Laurie

Laurie Richardson, PhD
Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Florida International
University Miami, Florida 33199 ~

Treasurer, Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean
   www.amlc-carib.org<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.amlc-2Dcarib.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=w9x_m6tk64dU3VDr_aguJ_Uva27pz72rxVr6dx_omXQ&e= >
Council Member, International Society for Reef Studies
   www.coralreefs.org<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.coralreefs.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=7J2jSK9JHGKl9HLwco3f_J9ZloPf4YpZIKOYp5Mxlkg&e= >

Member, Tropical Botanic Artists

   www.tropicalbotanicartists.com<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.tropicalbotanicartists.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=mp_vedSRQogvtjG4c6SuBoAPwC057rdyZd30Eak-KFU&e= >

From: Members <members-bounces at lists.amlc-carib.org> on behalf of Mark
Vermeij <carmabilog at gmail.com>
Sent: Tuesday, September 22, 2015 12:46 PM
To: coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
Cc: members at lists.amlc-carib.org
Subject: [AMLC Members] What would you need to improve the monitoring of
your coral reefs?

apologies for any cross-posting

(Spanish and French follow )

Dear Caribbean Marine Science Collaborators,

As you probably know, the Global Coral Reef Monitoring
Network<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= > has freshened
up in the Caribbean region. For the past year or so, we have been growing as
a dynamic network of coral reef experts sharing the goal of improving the
monitoring of the coral reefs of the Caribbean.

There are a few key areas where we would like your input. We need your help
to make an assessment of the coral reef monitoring conducted (or not!) in
the region. We hope to reach as many nooks and corners of the region as
possible, all islands and places where people survey their reefs. This is
also the chance to assess what would be needed to improve the monitoring
situation, from a technical, capacity-building and financial point of view,
and that will help our fundraising efforts!

Please send us your answers to the 6 questions below by October 5th, by
writing back to Julie
Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >, Mark
Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= > and Ayana
Jonhson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= >

  1.  Do you have a monitoring program that is not included in the GCRMN
report on 'Status and trand of  Caribbean Coral reefs'? If so, please let us
know so we can add to our list.

  2.  Are you interested in starting or increasing the strength of a
monitoring program if you received some practical and financial help to
initiate a long term biennial sampling effort?
  3.  If so, please briefly let us know your specific needs (e.g., training,
equipment, etc.) and the minimum number of sites to be monitored on your
territory, for a representative sampling.
  4.  Wether an existing or potential new monitoring program, would you be
willing to use the  GCRMN-caribbean
guidelines<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= >
(see draft, currently in review) so that we can all compare data between our
locations and together build a clearer picture of what's happening in the
  5.  Would you be able  to team up with partners locally or nationally to
survey the minimum number of sites?
  6.  If a database was built to house this data (e.g., see draft RFP
attached), would you/your organization use it (the system would not require
you to re enter your data)?

If you'd like to become a more active participant in conversations like
this, please join our dedicated forum of discussion by contacting Julie
Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >

And if you have comments on the GCRMN-Caribbean
<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac..org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= > draft
methods,<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www..car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=n0eQezkoNYl-mapnUYPoR7tqlmaQ8b9KtaugOJK_eZc&e= >
it will be appreciated! please send them as well to Julie by mid-October

Looking forward to hearing back from you!

Mark, Ayana and Julie


Estimados colegas Caribeños

Como ya lo saben, la <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= >
Red Mundial de Vigilancia de Arrecifes
Coralinos<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= > (GCRMN,
siglas en inglés) fue revitalizada en el Gran Caribe. Desde más de un año,
hemos ido creciendo como una red dinámica de expertos de arrecifes de coral
que comparten el objetivo de mejorar la vigilancia de los arrecifes de coral
del Caribe.

Su contribución es valiosa para varios puntos clave. En particular,
necesitamos su participación para evaluar la vigilancia de los arrecifes de
coral realizado (o no!) a través de la gran región del Caribe. Esperamos
llegar a todos los rincones de la región, en todas las islas y territorios
donde la gente vigila sus arrecifes.

Esta es también la oportunidad de evaluar lo que sería necesario para
mejorar la situación de vigilancia, desde un punto de vista financiero,
técnico o de formación. Este esfuerzo se hace con el fin de centrar nuestros
esfuerzos de recaudación de fondos , para desarollar acciones en toda la

Por favor, envíenos sus respuestas a las 6 preguntas siguientes para el 5 de
Octubre, respondiendo a Julie
Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >, Ayana
Johnson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= > y Mark
Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= >

  1.  ¿ Tiene un programa de monitoreo que ya no esté incluido en el informe
''<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FUltimo-2Dinforme-2Ddel-2DGCRMN-2Dsobre-2Del-2C548&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=up1U2BPGhoi4P4OCa3fPW_WAlyJbIaGCMD14NOaJ1L0&e= >situac
ión y tendencias de los arrecifes de coral del Caribe: 1970-2012
'<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FUltimo-2Dinforme-2Ddel-2DGCRMN-2Dsobre-2Del-2C548&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=up1U2BPGhoi4P4OCa3fPW_WAlyJbIaGCMD14NOaJ1L0&e= >'? Si
es así, por favor, háganoslo saber para que podamos añadirlo a nuestra
  2.   ¿Estaría interesado en iniciar o fortalecer su programa de
vigilancia, si recibe una asistencia práctica y financiera para ayudar a
iniciar un esfuerzo de muestreo bienal en el largo plazo?
  3.  Si es así, por favor, envíenos una breve descripción de sus
necesidades específicas (por ejemplo, capacitación, equipo, etc.) y el
número mínimo de sitios que deberia vigilar en su territorio para una
muestra representativa.
  4.  Ya sea para un programa de monitoreo existente o futuro, ¿estaría
dispuesto a utilizar las directrices minimas propuestas por el GCRMN -
Caribe<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= > (en
revisión) así que todos podamos comparar nuestros datos y construir juntos
una visión más clara de lo que pasa en la región?
  5.   ¿Sería capaz de formar un equipo con socios a nivel local o nacional
para vigilar el número de sitios definidos como mínimo en su territorio?
  6.  Si una base de datos estaba disponible para guardar específicamente
esta información (por ejemplo, el proyecto adjunto) estaría / su
organización dispuesta a transferir los datos mencionados anteriormente (el
sistema estaría automatizado para evitar la doble entrada de datos )?

Si desea seguir y participar en nuestras conversaciones, para participar en
nuestra effuerzo regional, nos encantaría que se una a nuestro foro
GCRMN-Caribe. Para eso, envia una solicitud a Julie
Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >

Y si usted tiene algún comentario sobre los métodos de seguimiento
propuestos por la GCRMN-Caribe, por favor envíelas a Julie, a más tardar a
mediados de octubre .

Esperando sus respuestas, muchas gracias de antemano

Mark, Ayana y Julie


Cher collègues Caraïbéens,

Comme vous le savez certainement, le Réseau mondial de surveillance des
récifs coralliens <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= >
(GCRMN, en anglais) a été revitalisé dans la grande région Caraïbes. Depuis
plus d'un an, ce réseau dynamique s'est agrandi, rassemblant des experts de
plus en plus nombreux, avec l'objectif commun d'améliorer le suivi des
récifs coralliens des Caraïbes.

Votre contribution serait précieuse pour plusieurs points clés. En
particulier, nous avons besoin de votre participation afin d'évaluer la
surveillance des récifs coralliens menée (ou non!) actuellement à travers la
grande région Caraibe. Nous espérons atteindre tous les coins et de recoins
de la région, sur toutes les îles et les territoires où les gens surveillent
leurs récifs.

Ceci est également une occasion idéale pour évaluer les besoins locaux afin
d'améliorer la situation d'un point de vue financier, technique ou de
formation. Cet effort est fait dans le but d'orienter nos efforts de
collecte de fonds pour développer des actions à travers la région!

Envoyez-nous S'il vous plaît vos réponses aux 6 questions ci-dessous pour le
5 Octobre, en répondant à Julie Belmont, Mark
Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= > et Ayana
Jonhson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= >.

1. Avez-vous un programme de surveillance qui ne soit pas déjà inclu dans le
rapport de GCRMN sur «Etat et Tendances des récifs coralliens des
Caraïbes''<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FPublication-2Ddu-2Ddernier-2Drapport-2Ddu-2C54-0A7&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=LPudpXF346FB5cvUjHaEvHpsKQ9VuexSKXocDpamZD8&e= >?
Si oui, faites le nous savoir s'il vous plaît pour que nous l'ajoutions à
notre liste.
2. Seriez-vous intéressé par commencer ou renforcer votre programme de
suivi, si vous receviez une aide pratique et financière pour vous aider à
lancer un effort d'échantillonnage biennal à long terme ?
3. Si oui, envoyez-nous s'il vous plait une description succinte de vos
besoins spécifiques (par exemple, la formation, l'équipement, etc.) et le
nombre minimum de sites qu'il faudrait surveiller sur votre territoire, pour
un échantillonnage représentatif.
4. Que ce soit pour programme de surveillance existant ou potentiel,
seriez-vous prêt à utiliser les lignes directrices proposées par le
GCRMN-Caraibe (en cours de révision) afin que nous puissions tous comparer
nos données et construire ensemble une image plus claire de ce qui se passe
dans la région?
5. Seriez-vous en mesure de faire équipe avec des partenaires localement ou
nationalement pour surveiller le nombre de sites défini comme minimum sur
votre territoire?
6.Si une base de données était disponible pour abriter spécifiquement ces
données (par exemple,  projet ci-joint), seriez-vous / votre organisation
enclin à y transférer les données mentionnées précedemment (le système
serait automatisé afin d'éviter la double entrée de données)?

Si vous souhaitez suivre et participer à nos conversations, afin de prendre
part dans notre effort régional, nous serions ravis que vous rejoigniez
notre forum GCRMN-Caraibe. Envoyez une requête en ce sens à Julie Belmont

Si vous avez des commentaires sur les méthodes de suivi proposées par le
GCRMN-Caraibe, cela nous sera très utile! S'il vous plaît envoyez-les à
Julie, idéalement avant mi-Octobre

En espérant recevoir vos réponses bientôt,

Bien à vous,

Mark, Ayana et Julie

Dr. M.J.A. Vermeij

Science Director Carmabi Foundation
Piscaderabaai z/n, Willemstad, Curaçao
Web: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.researchstationcarmabi.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=MJ1-lkOcbhJCs0j0Rb-p3B4JkwDRwy0jdjfBQoMTb9Y&e=

Associate professor
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) University of
Amsterdam Science Park 700, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Web: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.science.uva.nl_ibed_home.cfm&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=igQoB7-wIITIklKThzL-lo6kewz2DXAGylpN6i09xjo&e=

Phone: +5999-5103067

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