[Coral-List] suctioning off black band disease

Billy Causey - NOAA Federal billy.causey at noaa.gov
Mon Sep 28 11:01:21 EDT 2015

Hi Laurie and Coral List,
Perhaps Harold Hudson will chime in on this thread, since it was his
enormous labor and imagination that went into his work to aspirate
black-band off coral colonies, beginning at Looe Key NMS in 1986. We
had a massive outbreak of blackband disease on the Outer Lower Keys
reefs that began in May-June of 1986. His work went on for a few
years. I have quite a few hours of video of Harold doing his
aspiration work.  It was hugely labor intensive.

Cheers All, Billy

Sent from my iPhone

> On Sep 28, 2015, at 9:31 AM, Laurie Richardson <richardl at fiu.edu> wrote:
> Hi Julian - thank you for your comments. I'm copying the list since others are interested in this approach too. So, here is the history:
> In about 1990 Harold Hudson, a biologist for the Florida Keys Sanctuary, invented an apparatus to suction off black band disease from infected corals. It consisted of a large tube (about 4 cm diameter) attached to a small (1 cm diameter suction tube) with a valve connected to a scuba tank.  The pressurized air going from the small to large tube created suction that could then suck up the (loosely attached) black band material, which then moved up the large tube to the surface (boat) where it went into a large container, and disposed of on land.  This is important since Harold knew that any floating pieces of black band mat that landed on another coral would cause a new infection. I don't know if the methods was ever published.
> Well, the method worked and cured BBD infected corals.  It was important to 'dig' into the infected tissue to get any cyanobacterial filaments out, then to patch the lesion with modeling clay.  In fact, it worked so well that Dean Schweinler, an environmentalist/dive boat captain who knew Harold, coordinated a Florida Keys-wide effort of dive operators to network about BBD outbreaks, and the apparatus was moved up and down the Keys - and the outbreak was contained.  It was so successful that I asked if a 3 inch wide black band at one of my study sites could remain so I could study the microbiology of the disease.
> Anyway, I modified the suction approach and found that using 60 ml syringes (needleless) works just as well.  You have to suction the band into the syringe, which disperses it, then watch and wait until the band forms a clump in the syringe (less that minute) and then carefully extrude the clump into a large plastic baggy, making sure the material doesn't get loose in the water column (and closing the baggy).  Then, again, patch with modeling clay.
> This technique really works and we saved many corals by stopping the disease. It's also important to go back a few days after and check the colony, because sometimes the band is deep in the tissue and moves under the clay, reappearing as a new infection, at which point you just suction off that last bit and repatch.
> This works for black band disease, which is a loosely attached mat on the coral surface and usually outbreaks are manageable in that there are not 100s (or thousands) of infected colonies.  I have not tried it on the other coral diseases which usually manifest as a sharp line between apparently healthy tissue and exposed skeleton, such as white syndromes (which can affect thousands of coral hosts in a population, such as is occurring right now on reefs off of Miami) or white band (the host acroporids are protected against destructive sampling).
> Anyway, I don't know what diseases you have on your reefs but I think the syringe suctioning method is worth a try.  If the disease is not mat forming, try keeping the entire contents inside multiple syringes and empty them onshore.  Also, be sure to sterilize the syringes between efforts.
> I would be really interested to see if you try this and could tell us if it works.  And of course, you would have to monitor (!) the treated colonies to see if they are cured.  A good reason to monitor !  Good luck and best regards ~   Laurie
> Sincerely,
> Laurie Richardson, PhD
> Professor, Department of Biological Sciences
> Florida International University
> Miami, Florida 33199
> ~
> Treasurer, Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean
>   www.amlc-carib.org
> Council Member, International Society for Reef Studies
>   www.coralreefs.org
> Member, Tropical Botanic Artists
>   www.tropicalbotanicartists.com
> ________________________________________
> From: Julian @ Reef Check <julian at reefcheck.org.my>
> Sent: Thursday, September 24, 2015 10:18 PM
> To: Laurie Richardson
> Subject: RE: SPAM R2:  Re: [Coral-List] [AMLC Members] What would you need to improve the monitoring of your coral reefs?
> Hi Laurie
> Speaking as a monitoring organisation, I can only strongly support what you
> say!!
> But actually, I am writing about the other topic in your email - the
> suggested "vacuuming" of coral disease off coral colonies. Not something I
> have heard of previously. We are seeing increasing amounts of disease here,
> albeit from a very small base. But we don't know what to do - it's one of
> those situations where intervention is possibly worse than cure if removing
> the colony leads to a disturbance in the diseased area, leading to the
> release of spores, cells, etc into the water column to infect other
> colonies.
> So your "suctioning off the band" sounds really intriguing. Is there any
> literature on this, or a methodology written up? It sounds incredibly
> sensible to me, so I would like to find out more.
> Many thanks in advance.
> Regards,
> Julian Hyde
> General Manager
> Reef Check Malaysia
> 03 2161 5948
> www.reefcheck.org.my
> Follow us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/rcmalaysia
> "The bottom line of the Millenium Assessment findings is that human actions
> are depleting Earth's natural capital, putting such strain on the
> environment that the ability of the planet's ecosystems to sustain future
> generations can no longer be taken for granted."
> -----Original Message-----
> From: coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> [mailto:coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov] On Behalf Of Laurie
> Richardson
> Sent: Wednesday, 23 September, 2015 6:41 AM
> To: Mark Vermeij; coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> Cc: members at lists.amlc-carib.org
> Subject: SPAM R2: Re: [Coral-List] [AMLC Members] What would you need to
> improve the monitoring of your coral reefs?
> Hi all - A big problem is not following up on coral monitoring.  As you
> know, Mark, I found a black band disease hot spot between the Hilton and
> Carmabi when we sampled during the meeting, and twice I have offered to come
> down (at my expense and bring a grad student) and cure the corals by
> suctioning off the band (this works - I know from experience) and you have
> not even answered me.  There are dozens of small to midsized Diploria and
> Pseudodiploria there, and this contagious disease will wipe out this new
> population.  Besides the BBD infected colonies everything looked really
> healthy.
> Yes, we need to monitor, but if it is possible (as with BBD) to make a
> difference we should actively try to help the reefs and individual corals
> recover.  Laurie
> Sincerely,
> Laurie Richardson, PhD
> Professor, Department of Biological Sciences Florida International
> University Miami, Florida 33199 ~
> Treasurer, Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean
>   www.amlc-carib.org<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.amlc-2Dcarib.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=w9x_m6tk64dU3VDr_aguJ_Uva27pz72rxVr6dx_omXQ&e= >
> Council Member, International Society for Reef Studies
>   www.coralreefs.org<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.coralreefs.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=7J2jSK9JHGKl9HLwco3f_J9ZloPf4YpZIKOYp5Mxlkg&e= >
> Member, Tropical Botanic Artists
>   www.tropicalbotanicartists.com<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.tropicalbotanicartists.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=mp_vedSRQogvtjG4c6SuBoAPwC057rdyZd30Eak-KFU&e= >
> ________________________________
> From: Members <members-bounces at lists.amlc-carib.org> on behalf of Mark
> Vermeij <carmabilog at gmail.com>
> Sent: Tuesday, September 22, 2015 12:46 PM
> To: coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> Cc: members at lists.amlc-carib.org
> Subject: [AMLC Members] What would you need to improve the monitoring of
> your coral reefs?
> apologies for any cross-posting
> (Spanish and French follow )
> Dear Caribbean Marine Science Collaborators,
> As you probably know, the Global Coral Reef Monitoring
> Network<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= > has freshened
> up in the Caribbean region. For the past year or so, we have been growing as
> a dynamic network of coral reef experts sharing the goal of improving the
> monitoring of the coral reefs of the Caribbean.
> There are a few key areas where we would like your input. We need your help
> to make an assessment of the coral reef monitoring conducted (or not!) in
> the region. We hope to reach as many nooks and corners of the region as
> possible, all islands and places where people survey their reefs. This is
> also the chance to assess what would be needed to improve the monitoring
> situation, from a technical, capacity-building and financial point of view,
> and that will help our fundraising efforts!
> Please send us your answers to the 6 questions below by October 5th, by
> writing back to Julie
> Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >, Mark
> Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= > and Ayana
> Jonhson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= >
>  1.  Do you have a monitoring program that is not included in the GCRMN
> report on 'Status and trand of  Caribbean Coral reefs'? If so, please let us
> know so we can add to our list.
>  2.  Are you interested in starting or increasing the strength of a
> monitoring program if you received some practical and financial help to
> initiate a long term biennial sampling effort?
>  3.  If so, please briefly let us know your specific needs (e.g., training,
> equipment, etc.) and the minimum number of sites to be monitored on your
> territory, for a representative sampling.
>  4.  Wether an existing or potential new monitoring program, would you be
> willing to use the  GCRMN-caribbean
> guidelines<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= >
> (see draft, currently in review) so that we can all compare data between our
> locations and together build a clearer picture of what's happening in the
> region?
>  5.  Would you be able  to team up with partners locally or nationally to
> survey the minimum number of sites?
>  6.  If a database was built to house this data (e.g., see draft RFP
> attached), would you/your organization use it (the system would not require
> you to re enter your data)?
> If you'd like to become a more active participant in conversations like
> this, please join our dedicated forum of discussion by contacting Julie
> Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >
> And if you have comments on the GCRMN-Caribbean
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac..org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= > draft
> monitoring
> methods,<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www..car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=n0eQezkoNYl-mapnUYPoR7tqlmaQ8b9KtaugOJK_eZc&e= >
> it will be appreciated! please send them as well to Julie by mid-October
> Looking forward to hearing back from you!
> Mark, Ayana and Julie
> ------------------
> Estimados colegas Caribeños
> Como ya lo saben, la <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= >
> Red Mundial de Vigilancia de Arrecifes
> Coralinos<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= > (GCRMN,
> siglas en inglés) fue revitalizada en el Gran Caribe. Desde más de un año,
> hemos ido creciendo como una red dinámica de expertos de arrecifes de coral
> que comparten el objetivo de mejorar la vigilancia de los arrecifes de coral
> del Caribe.
> Su contribución es valiosa para varios puntos clave. En particular,
> necesitamos su participación para evaluar la vigilancia de los arrecifes de
> coral realizado (o no!) a través de la gran región del Caribe. Esperamos
> llegar a todos los rincones de la región, en todas las islas y territorios
> donde la gente vigila sus arrecifes.
> Esta es también la oportunidad de evaluar lo que sería necesario para
> mejorar la situación de vigilancia, desde un punto de vista financiero,
> técnico o de formación. Este esfuerzo se hace con el fin de centrar nuestros
> esfuerzos de recaudación de fondos , para desarollar acciones en toda la
> región!
> Por favor, envíenos sus respuestas a las 6 preguntas siguientes para el 5 de
> Octubre, respondiendo a Julie
> Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >, Ayana
> Johnson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= > y Mark
> Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= >
>  1.  ¿ Tiene un programa de monitoreo que ya no esté incluido en el informe
> ''<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FUltimo-2Dinforme-2Ddel-2DGCRMN-2Dsobre-2Del-2C548&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=up1U2BPGhoi4P4OCa3fPW_WAlyJbIaGCMD14NOaJ1L0&e= >situac
> ión y tendencias de los arrecifes de coral del Caribe: 1970-2012
> '<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FUltimo-2Dinforme-2Ddel-2DGCRMN-2Dsobre-2Del-2C548&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=up1U2BPGhoi4P4OCa3fPW_WAlyJbIaGCMD14NOaJ1L0&e= >'? Si
> es así, por favor, háganoslo saber para que podamos añadirlo a nuestra
> lista.
>  2.   ¿Estaría interesado en iniciar o fortalecer su programa de
> vigilancia, si recibe una asistencia práctica y financiera para ayudar a
> iniciar un esfuerzo de muestreo bienal en el largo plazo?
>  3.  Si es así, por favor, envíenos una breve descripción de sus
> necesidades específicas (por ejemplo, capacitación, equipo, etc..) y el
> número mínimo de sitios que deberia vigilar en su territorio para una
> muestra representativa.
>  4.  Ya sea para un programa de monitoreo existente o futuro, ¿estaría
> dispuesto a utilizar las directrices minimas propuestas por el GCRMN -
> Caribe<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2Dguidelines-2C639&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=jA5tLMWcUyHW6bV2Ty78pnba5WoyltczTeh_0Xeiucw&e= > (en
> revisión) así que todos podamos comparar nuestros datos y construir juntos
> una visión más clara de lo que pasa en la región?
>  5.   ¿Sería capaz de formar un equipo con socios a nivel local o nacional
> para vigilar el número de sitios definidos como mínimo en su territorio?
>  6.  Si una base de datos estaba disponible para guardar específicamente
> esta información (por ejemplo, el proyecto adjunto) estaría / su
> organización dispuesta a transferir los datos mencionados anteriormente (el
> sistema estaría automatizado para evitar la doble entrada de datos )?
> Si desea seguir y participar en nuestras conversaciones, para participar en
> nuestra effuerzo regional, nos encantaría que se una a nuestro foro
> GCRMN-Caribe. Para eso, envia una solicitud a Julie
> Belmont<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__julie.belmont..carspaw-40guadeloupe-2Dparcnational.fr&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=bpJuOjPsZ81AZZGuSn5Gi9wk_1KhFWqUQ-sfMQOIOxA&e= >
> Y si usted tiene algún comentario sobre los métodos de seguimiento
> propuestos por la GCRMN-Caribe, por favor envíelas a Julie, a más tardar a
> mediados de octubre .
> Esperando sus respuestas, muchas gracias de antemano
> Mark, Ayana y Julie
> --------------
> Cher collègues Caraïbéens,
> Comme vous le savez certainement, le Réseau mondial de surveillance des
> récifs coralliens <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FThe-2DGCRMN-2DCaribbean-2C637&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=aCsRiVu_hda3qSJ91UuzxWfQO8DhTmITJuJNEf5MuGY&e= >
> (GCRMN, en anglais) a été revitalisé dans la grande région Caraïbes. Depuis
> plus d'un an, ce réseau dynamique s'est agrandi, rassemblant des experts de
> plus en plus nombreux, avec l'objectif commun d'améliorer le suivi des
> récifs coralliens des Caraïbes.
> Votre contribution serait précieuse pour plusieurs points clés. En
> particulier, nous avons besoin de votre participation afin d'évaluer la
> surveillance des récifs coralliens menée (ou non!) actuellement à travers la
> grande région Caraibe. Nous espérons atteindre tous les coins et de recoins
> de la région, sur toutes les îles et les territoires où les gens surveillent
> leurs récifs.
> Ceci est également une occasion idéale pour évaluer les besoins locaux afin
> d'améliorer la situation d'un point de vue financier, technique ou de
> formation. Cet effort est fait dans le but d'orienter nos efforts de
> collecte de fonds pour développer des actions à travers la région!
> Envoyez-nous S'il vous plaît vos réponses aux 6 questions ci-dessous pour le
> 5 Octobre, en répondant à Julie Belmont, Mark
> Vermeij<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__carmabilog-40gmail.com&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=K9OC_n1PCS3WqrOwXFjqxuo5vUW-Iy-hfHtg7qyu6WM&e= > et Ayana
> Jonhson<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__ayana-40waittinstitute.org&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=pgToaDFyHuZaV-x_zgysp-t4hDVZXzpKeWdEJK5nIK4&e= >.
> 1. Avez-vous un programme de surveillance qui ne soit pas déjà inclu dans le
> rapport de GCRMN sur «Etat et Tendances des récifs coralliens des
> Caraïbes''<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www..car-2Dspaw-2Drac.org_-3FPublication-2Ddu-2Ddernier-2Drapport-2Ddu-2C54-0A7&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=LPudpXF346FB5cvUjHaEvHpsKQ9VuexSKXocDpamZD8&e= >?
> Si oui, faites le nous savoir s'il vous plaît pour que nous l'ajoutions à
> notre liste.
> 2. Seriez-vous intéressé par commencer ou renforcer votre programme de
> suivi, si vous receviez une aide pratique et financière pour vous aider à
> lancer un effort d'échantillonnage biennal à long terme ?
> 3. Si oui, envoyez-nous s'il vous plait une description succinte de vos
> besoins spécifiques (par exemple, la formation, l'équipement, etc.) et le
> nombre minimum de sites qu'il faudrait surveiller sur votre territoire, pour
> un échantillonnage représentatif.
> 4. Que ce soit pour programme de surveillance existant ou potentiel,
> seriez-vous prêt à utiliser les lignes directrices proposées par le
> GCRMN-Caraibe (en cours de révision) afin que nous puissions tous comparer
> nos données et construire ensemble une image plus claire de ce qui se passe
> dans la région?
> 5. Seriez-vous en mesure de faire équipe avec des partenaires localement ou
> nationalement pour surveiller le nombre de sites défini comme minimum sur
> votre territoire?
> 6.Si une base de données était disponible pour abriter spécifiquement ces
> données (par exemple,  projet ci-joint), seriez-vous / votre organisation
> enclin à y transférer les données mentionnées précedemment (le système
> serait automatisé afin d'éviter la double entrée de données)?
> Si vous souhaitez suivre et participer à nos conversations, afin de prendre
> part dans notre effort régional, nous serions ravis que vous rejoigniez
> notre forum GCRMN-Caraibe. Envoyez une requête en ce sens à Julie Belmont
> Si vous avez des commentaires sur les méthodes de suivi proposées par le
> GCRMN-Caraibe, cela nous sera très utile! S'il vous plaît envoyez-les à
> Julie, idéalement avant mi-Octobre
> En espérant recevoir vos réponses bientôt,
> Bien à vous,
> Mark, Ayana et Julie
> --
> __________________________________
> Dr. M.J.A. Vermeij
> Science Director Carmabi Foundation
> Piscaderabaai z/n, Willemstad, Curaçao
> Web: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.researchstationcarmabi.org_&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=MJ1-lkOcbhJCs0j0Rb-p3B4JkwDRwy0jdjfBQoMTb9Y&e=
> Associate professor
> Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) University of
> Amsterdam Science Park 700, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
> Web: https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.science.uva.nl_ibed_home.cfm&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=igQoB7-wIITIklKThzL-lo6kewz2DXAGylpN6i09xjo&e=
> Phone: +5999-5103067
> _______________________________________________
> Coral-List mailing list
> Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__coral.aoml.noaa.gov_mailman_listinfo_coral-2Dlist&d=AwIFAw&c=1QsCMERiq7JOmEnKpsSyjg&r=ZAOBwXrJEqegsrfq9GHYbg&m=03irYmJObeUaBWoUbKm_iqk_4L-mPrgDF8mGUSuDNRc&s=rTYEyz1niQ73hZ7uDupq3d4rhRm7UiEdbyB3u0JnEfc&e=
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