[Coral-List] using bubbles to remove CO2 from reef water

Steve Mussman sealab at earthlink.net
Mon May 2 14:51:27 EDT 2016

   Hi Stephen,
   Of course the diving industry is diverse even in their beliefs relating to
   climate change, but I'm referring to industry leaders. We could argue all
   day about who comprises the "leadership of our industry", but I'm pointing
   the  finger  directly  at  DEMA.  Climate change, ocean acidification,
   over-fishing and land-based pollutants are basically off their radar as I
   see it. They act as if nothing is happening. We have an opportunity to
   empower divers to become advocates for moving policies and turning things
   around, but that's not going to happen as long as our industry's power
   structure remains in denial. I understand the fact that talk of declining
   reefs isn't good for business, but how are we to have hope that we can
   reverse the trend if our industry perpetuates the illusion (that all is
   well) by refusing to openly address these issues? As I see it, all of us in
   the industry have a moral responsibility to become activists for our oceans
   and coral reefs. We have taken from it and built our business upon it. This
   is a critical time and the diving industry should be out in front, not
   laying low hiding in the sea grass.
   Warm regards,

     -----Original Message-----
     From: Stephen Frink
     Sent: May 2, 2016 2:08 PM
     To: Steve Mussman
     Cc: Bill Allison , Ellen Prager
     Subject: Re: [Coral-List] using bubbles to remove CO2 from reef water
     Steve - What makes you think the dive industry disbelieves climate change
     and/or  CO2  issues?  Anyone I dive with, most of whom have several
     decadesâ  experience seeing changes in the reef ecosystems we dive,
     realizes we have issues.  Anecdotal perhaps, but so is a broad brush
     painting all.

   Stephen Frink
   Publisher, Alert Diver Magazine

   portfolio - [1]http://www.stephenfrinkphoto.com
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   On May 2, 2016, at 8:40 AM, Steve Mussman <[7]sealab at earthlink.net> wrote:

   This presents the diving industry with a rather perplexing dilemma.
   They could cite this study to promote the idea that coral reefs benefit from
   our bubbles, but then they would be forced to admit that a problem relating
   to rising CO2 levels actually exists.
   Sent from my iPhone
   Sent from my iPhone

     On May 2, 2016, at 7:18 AM, Bill Allison <[8]allison.billiam at gmail.com>
     So, the small issues of thermodynamic considerations and the ultimate fate
     of the CO2 aside, divers may help reefs?
     On Sun, May 1, 2016 at 12:57 AM, Douglas Fenner <
     [9]douglasfennertassi at gmail.com> wrote:

     Protecting coral reefs with bubbles
     Original article:
     Bubble stripping as a tool to reduce high dissolved CO2 in coastal marine
     ecosystems.  Environmental Science & Technology
     not open-access, note author's email address
     Douglas Fenner
     Contractor for NOAA NMFS, and consultant
     "have regulator, will travel"
     PO Box 7390
     Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799  USA
     phone 1 684 622-7084
     Join the International Society for Reef Studies.  Membership includes a
     subscription to the journal Coral Reefs, and there are discounts for pdf
     subscriptions and developing countries.  Check it out!  www.fit.edu/isrs/
     "Belief  in climate change is optional, participation is not."- Jim
     "Everyone is entitled to their own opinion, but not to their own facts."-
     Daniel Patrick Moynihan.
     Carbon tax: a cheap, proven fix to the world's biggest problem.  (revenue
     Earth's hot streak continues for a record 11 months.
     Solar can power more than 100 times America's current electricity needs, a
     new report finds
     website:  http://independent.academia.edu/DouglasFenner
     blog: http://ocean.si.edu/blog/reefs-american-samoa-story-hope
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   1. http://www.stephenfrinkphoto.com/
   2. http://www.stephenfrink.com/
   3. http://www.waterhousetours.com/
   4. http://www.seacamusa.com/
   5. tel:305-451-3737
   6. tel:305-766-8832
   7. mailto:sealab at earthlink.net
   8. mailto:allison.billiam at gmail.com
   9. mailto:douglasfennertassi at gmail.com
  10. https://earth.stanford.edu/news/protecting-coral-reefs-bubbles
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  12. mailto:Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov

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