[Coral-List] more on oxybenzone and corals

Tim Brown - NOAA Affiliate tim.brown at noaa.gov
Mon Oct 17 19:51:34 EDT 2016

Can anyone provide links to the primary literature for
oxybenzone/sunscreen/coral research?
Interested in complete papers or articles.



On Fri, Oct 14, 2016 at 10:37 AM, Eugene Shinn <eugeneshinn at mail.usf.edu>

> This was sent to me earlier. I thought it might interest coral
> researchers. Gene
> Re: Recommendation of Coral-Safe Sunscreen for Upcoming Ironman Event
> To:    Ironman World Headquarters    Cc: 2701 North Rocky Point Drive
> Tampa, FL 33607
> kona at ironman.com press at ironman.com kona at ironmanvolunteers.com
> david.deschenes at ironman.com
> Dear Ironman organizers and staff,
> Tom Hasslinger, Editor, West Hawai’i Today
> thasslinger at westhawaiitoday.com Cindi Evans repevans at capitol.hawaii.gov
> Nicole Lowen replowen at capitol.hawaii.gov Maile David
> maile.david at hawaiicounty.gov Margaret Wille
> margaret.wille at hawaiicounty.gov Dru Kanuha dru.kanuha at hawaiicounty.gov
> Karen Eoff karen.eoff at hawaiicounty.gov
> Will Espero senespero at capitol.hawaii.gov Dan Mersberg
> daniel.k.mersburgh at hawaii.gov West Hawai’i Sunscreen Retailers
> September 21, 2016
> As the Ironman rapidly approaches, our organizations feel it is
> imperative to draw your attention to emerging research on the lethal
> effects of a common sunscreen ingredient, oxybenzone (benzophenone-3;
> BP-3), on our treasured coral reef ecosystems. Last year, Hawai’i’s
> corals were devastated by a massive and unprecedented coral bleaching
> event, which resulted in the loss of 50% of our corals.    In response,
> numerous state and local agencies have been working tirelessly to
> promote the recovery our corals. As the thousands of Ironman athletes,
> family, supporters, and staff join us on Hawai’i Island in the coming
> weeks, we respectfully ask that you support the efforts to promote the
> use of coral-safe sunscreens!
> Research on Toxic Effects:
>  The chemical, oxybenzone (a.k.a. benzophenone-3), commonly used in
> many sunscreens, has been shown to increase the rate of coral bleaching,
> and to cause deformities in coral larvae, making them unable to swim,
> settle, or form new colonies.
>  Sunscreen chemicals wash off of users when they enter the ocean,
> particularly if sunscreen is applied just before getting in.
>  The Ironman event falls during an important coral larval settlement
> period in West Hawai’i, following late summer spawning events.
>  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has detected oxybenzone
> in more than 96 percent of the American population. Oxybenzone can cause
> allergic skin reactions and may disrupt hormones.
>  Research continues on other potentially harmful chemicals including
> avobenzone, octisalate, octocrylene, homosalate, octinoxate,
> methoxycinnamate, camphors, parabens, and nanoparticle form of certain
> minerals.
> State and International Support:
>  Scientists at the International Coral Reef Symposium (June 2016) and
> the IUCN World Conservation Congress (September 2016) agreed on the
> negative impacts of oxybenzone and other sunscreen chemicals on corals,
> and recommended an elimination of use in areas with coral reefs.
>  The Hawai’i Department of Land & Natural Resources (DLNR) is asking
> all ocean- users to avoid sunscreens containing oxybenzone, as indicated
> by a press release on Sept. 2, 2016.
>  Hawai’i State Senator Will Espero is drafting legislation for a ban on
> oxybenzone and other harmful ingredients, with a target start date of 2018.
> Recommended Coral-Safe (and Athlete-Safe) Sunscreens:
> A list of recommended sunscreen products, available at the local
> retailers, is provided on the next page. Additional options can be found
> at the Environmental Working Group (EWG) website with their 10th annual
> guide to sunscreens, listing many sunscreens which are oxybenzone-free
> and effective for sun protection.
> http://www.ewg.org/sunscreen/best-sunscreens/best-beach-sport-sunscreens/..
> Please note that certain brands labeled “Reef Safe” may include
> oxybenzone (e.g. “Tropical Seas- Reef Safe” sunscreen), so we encourage
> users to read labels. Preferred sunscreen options include zinc oxide and
> titanium dioxide in their active ingredients, in addition to wearing
> protective clothing.
> We truly appreciate your support of local coral reef conservation
> efforts, and hope you will support our efforts to minimize the use of
> oxybenzone -containing sunscreens and promote coral-safe options
> throughout the Ironman season. Feel free to contact us for further
> information, or with suggestions for how to pursue this effort further
> with your team.
> With aloha,
> Dale Sarver, Ph. D. West Hawai’i Fishery Council- Chairman
> Lindsey Kramer, M. S. Eyes of the Reef Network- Hawai’i Island
> Coordinator EOR.Hawaii.Island at gmail.com
> Megan Lamson, M. S. Hawai’i Wildlife Fund- Vice President
> Meg.HWF at gmail.com
> Holly Kersten Surfrider Foundation – Kona Kai Ea Chairwoman
> chair at surfrider.kona.org
> whfc at hawaii.rr.com
> List of recommended coral-safe (& athlete-safe) sunscreens available at
> local retailers.
>  Alba Botanica: Natural Mineral Protection Sunblock SPF 30 (Island
> Naturals, KTA, Walmart)  All Good: Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 33 or
> Unscented Sunstick SPF 30    (Island Naturals)  All Terrain: AquaSport/
> Terrasport/ Kidsport Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30    (Island Naturals) 
> Aveeno: Active Naturals, Natural Protection Lotion, SPF 50    (Walmart)
>  Aveeno: Active Naturals, Natural Protection Baby, Lotion or Stick, SPF
> 50    (Walmart)  Banana Boat: Kids Sunscreen Lotion SPF 50 (KTA, Sack N
> Save, Safeway, Target, Walmart)  Banana Boat: Baby Sunscreen Lotion SPF
> 50    (KTA, Sack N Save, Walmart)  Bare Republic: Natural Mineral
> Sunscreen Sport/Kids Spray, SPF 30 (Target)  Bare Republic: Natural
> Mineral Sunscreen Lotion, Sport, SPF 50 or Face, SPF 30    (Target) 
> Coola Suncare: Mineral Sunscreen Unscented, Baby, SPF 50    (Island
> Naturals)  Coola Suncare: Classic Sunscreen Unscented, Sport/Body/Face,
> SPF 30 (Island Naturals)  CVS: Baby Pure & Gentle Sunstick Sunscreen,
> SPF 60 (Long’s Drugs)  Goddess Garden: Natural Sunscreen Lotion: Sport/
> Kids/ Baby, SPF 30    (Island Naturals)  Goddess Garden: Natural
> Sunscreen Continuous Spray: Sport/ Kids, SPF 30 (Island Naturals)  The
> Honest Company: Mineral Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 50+ (Costco, Target)  The
> Honest Company: Mineral Sunscreen Spray or Stick, SPF 30 (Costco,
> Target)  MyChelle Dermaceuticals: Sun Shield Clear Stick, SPF 50
> (Island Naturals)  MyChelle Dermaceuticals: Replenishing Solar Defense,
> SPF 30, or Sun Shield, SPF 28 (Island
> Naturals)  Neutrogena: Pure & Free Liquid Sunscreen, SPF 50+ (Long’s
> Drugs)  Neutrogena: Pure & Free Baby Faces Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 45+ or
> Stick, SPF 60+    (Long’s
> Drugs, Target, Walmart)  Promise Organic: Coconut Sunscreen Stick, SPF
> 30 (Long’s Drugs)  Stream2Sea: Mineral Sunscreen for Body/Sport/Face,
> SPF 30 (Big Island Divers, Kona Honu
> Divers, Island Naturals, Kahalu'u Bay Education Center)  ThinkSport:
> Safe Sunscreen SPF 50 (Target.com)
> --
> No Rocks, No Water, No Ecosystem (EAS)
> ------------------------------------ -----------------------------------
> E. A. Shinn, Courtesy Professor
> University of South Florida
> College of Marine Science Room 221A
> 140 Seventh Avenue South
> St. Petersburg, FL 33701
> <eugeneshinn at mail.usf.edu>
> Tel 727 553-1158
> ---------------------------------- -----------------------------------
> _______________________________________________
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> Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> http://coral.aoml.noaa.gov/mailman/listinfo/coral-list


*Timothy BrownMokupapapa Discovery Center*
*Papahanoumokuakea Marine National Monument*
76 Kamehameha Ave
Hilo, HI 96720
tim.brown at noaa.gov

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