[Coral-List] reef restoration

Patti Nicoll pnicoll at smhall.org
Fri Sep 25 17:15:58 UTC 2020

I am a middle school teacher and have enjoyed reading the coral-list for years. Thank you Jim Hendee for all your years of service.

The idea of reef restoration is very complicated, and certainly the politicizing of scientific issues is not helping anyone's cause.

I know a lot of local groups are finding creative ways to have success, but have all groups considered adopting a model of public outreach in high traffic areas? I don't know how many aquariums exist in all of the tourist areas, but it seems that an active partnership with aquaria (as someone suggested some of the aquarium folks are having a lot of success with corals) or an active plan to create small public aquarium facilities throughout the tropical world could be really beneficial. Expanding a public aquarium network would not only provide local jobs, but would insure that local populations of coral would be protected and ready for propagation and restoration work in the future. As a result local governments might be willing to help pay for some of the work to create these (other money could hopefully be generated from conservation groups).

Each facility could partner with local resorts and tour operators to insure that the people visiting the area would make a visit to the aquarium. Each facility should also be paired with a group of scientist who have interest in the region, and who could provide guidance and best practices as well as quality control.  For visitors, these sorts of things could be emphasized:
1. Show the general public what the reefs could look like (and how they have changed over the years)
2. Have graphics and interactives describing the threats to coral reefs
3. Have pledge stations to encourage people to act (I know I've even seen some aquariums offer patrons an opportunity to write their governmental representative)
4. Encourage them to ask questions of their tour guides and dive operators so they will seek reputable ones that are doing the right thing
5. Maybe even offer a local certification program for all of the tour operators and dive shops
6. And lastly, ask for donations that will go directly towards the restorative plan in the region.  
7. Additionally, each facility would incorporate a mission of local outreach to educate the resident population.
I don't believe these facilities would have to be large to be successful.

Like I said, I know there are places that are doing these things now, and some are probably networking pretty well with others, but could it be done better, and on a broader scale? It seems the importance of reaching and teaching the general public should be the main focus at this time. Research can be done until we know every aspect of every detail of every system, but without public buy-in and a willingness to change behavior, it will mean nothing. 

So how is something like this organized? That is probably the million dollar question. What group could oversee this sort of development on a global scale? How do we create such a group if one doesn't exist? If I am wrong and all of this is already happening, what could be done to make it better?

These are just thoughts I am having on this Friday in our crazy COVID world.
Patricia Nicoll

Patricia B Nicoll
Form 7 Life Science
Environmental Club sponsor
Saint Mary's Hall
9401 Starcrest Drive
San Antonio, TX  78217
(210) 483-9255 office
(210) 483-9106 fax
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-----Original Message-----
From: Coral-List <coral-list-bounces at coral.aoml.noaa.gov> On Behalf Of coral-list-request at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
Sent: Friday, September 25, 2020 11:00 AM
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Subject: Coral-List Digest, Vol 145, Issue 22

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Today's Topics:

   1. Re: Science difficult to read (Phillip Dustan)
   2. Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease in the Caribbean (William Precht)
   3. marine heat waves (Douglas Fenner)


Message: 1
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2020 10:27:26 -0400
From: Phillip Dustan <phil.dustan at gmail.com>
To: Nohora Galvis <icri.colombia at gmail.com>, Coral List
	<coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
Subject: Re: [Coral-List] Science difficult to read
	<CA+xMoTauJLzdmq4FBenLodRqkoqZ5iurt5j0VWpn+fqR8OVFsA at mail.gmail.com>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8"

I agree with Norah wholeheartedly.
Loading dock science has a place but not in the current crisis.
"Don't be such a scientist"....
But even so - all the documentaries, books, and magazine articles have not gone very far towards sustainable reefs.
So it's time to belly up to the bar and do the right thing.
Science has to become more involved with politics in this crazy day and age.
Reefs will never become "restored" for whatever that means.
The aquarium trade knows how to build beautiful captive reefs.
In fact, they seem to be way far ahead of the scientific process of restoration (whatever it is).
But  having leaders and governments that listen to logic is the key right now....
Be sure to plan your vote and VOTE!

On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 10:14 AM Nohora Galvis via Coral-List < coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov> wrote:

> Dear John,
> Great post, we all should improve our communication skills !!
> Communicating Multidisciplinary Science to save coral reefs is URGENT.
> However, most PhDs are very specilialized in one discipline. For 
> example biology, counting a very small portion of an organism and 
> without further experience feel experts on coral reefs conservation: The big picture !!
> That attitude may become very dangerous, if they got funding to 
> distort what we as a whole multidisciplinary scientific / practitioner 
> community should be empowered to recommend considering our 
> philosophical transdiciplinary background and long experience. Some 
> even think, the issue, it is about figithing for funds, in stead of 
> pointing out for alternative solutions to tackle local and global threats.
> It is relevant to ask ourselves, if our projects are tackling a 
> limiting factor, when there is already natural sexual and asexual 
> reproduction of corals... But their biodiversity and survivorship are 
> low due to anthropogenic impacts that cause morbidity and mortality. 
> Causes like pollution, overfishing, dredging, global warming etc., are 
> still uncontrolled.
> In stead of supporting unsustainable development, we with all the 
> multidisciplinary scientific knowledge and the huge number of 
> publications, should face it and confront it. We all together should 
> present specific alternatives that are sustainable and environmental 
> friendly. For instance, communicate effectively to decision makers the 
> need to stop enlarging Chanels, big ports and cables passing on coral reefs.
> It would not save coral reefs, promising to developers that by 
> receiving millions of USD, some scientists can build monospecific 
> reefs in one or few years to replace the biodiverse ecosystem that 
> lasted centuries to accrete and may be destroyed by unsustainable development projets in seconds !!
> Money talks !! But When Science will talk?
> Nohora Galvis
> Twitter @ArrecifesCoral / @ICRIvolombia Instagram 
> ObservatorioArrecifesCoral Youtube ICRI COLOMBIA 
> Facebook.com/ICRI.COLOMBIA
> El lun, sep 21, 2020 16:06, John Ware via Coral-List < 
> coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov> escribi?:
> > Dear List,
> >
> > The recent mail from Doug Fenner (thanks Doug) mentioned the 
> > following two interesting observations:
> >
> > *Papers are increasingly impenetrable.
> > *
> >
> > *Science is getting harder to read *
> >
> > Those few that have read my comments on reef science that were 
> > published in Reef Encounter (1991) may recall that basically what I meant is:
> >
> > *Global warming, bad for reefs but great for coral-reef scientists. 
> > *
> >
> > In RE in 2019 I demonstrated that, between 1988/89 to 2019 there has 
> > been an approximately 4 fold increase in the number of papers 
> > appearing in Coral Reefs and the percentage of papers with more than 
> > 5 authors has increased by a more than a factor of 20.
> >
> > What I should have predicted back in 1991, and mentioned in 2019, is 
> > that the papers will be increasingly looking at finer and finer 
> > elements of coral ecology.  In the 'old days' reef scientists swam 
> > over reefs and counted fish or corals or whatever.  Now, there is 
> > this finer and finer tuning on what is going on inside corals and the zoox.
> >
> > This reminded me of an event from my past.  Many years ago I shared 
> > an office with a man who had been the Chief Engineer for the 
> > construction of the Los Angeles class submarines.  One of his 
> > favorite comments on 'progress' was:
> >
> > "The scientists have gotten to the point that they can exam a flea 
> > and tell you what hair on the dog the flea came from.  But they are 
> > not sure what dog the hair was on."
> >
> > Are we in danger of losing the 'big picture'?
> >
> > John
> >
> > --
> >
> >   John R. Ware, PhD
> >   President
> >   SeaServices, LLC
> >   302 N. Mule Deer Pt.
> >   Payson, AZ 85541, USA
> >   928 478-6358
> >   jware at erols.com
> >   http://www.seaservices.org
> >
> >    Become a member of the International Coral Reef Society
> >    http://www.coralreefs.org
> >
> > _______________________________________________
> > Coral-List mailing list
> > Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
> > https://coral.aoml.noaa.gov/mailman/listinfo/coral-list
> _______________________________________________
> Coral-List mailing list
> Coral-List at coral.aoml.noaa.gov
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Phillip Dustan PhD
Charleston SC  29424
843-953-8086 office
843-224-3321 (mobile)

"When we try to pick out anything by itself we find that it is bound fast by a thousand invisible cords that cannot be broken, to everything in the universe. "
*                                         John Muir 1869*

*A Swim Through TIme on Carysfort Reef*
*Raja Ampat Sustainability Project video* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RR2SazW_VY&fbclid=IwAR09oZkEk8wQkK6LN3XzVGPgAWSujACyUfe2Ist__nYxRRSkDE_jAYqkJ7A
*Bali Coral Bleaching 2016 video*

TEDx Charleston on saving coral reefs
Google Scholar Citations:


Message: 2
Date: Fri, 25 Sep 2020 09:46:57 -0400
From: William Precht <william.precht at gmail.com>
To: Coral Listserver <coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
Cc: Sarah Gignoux-Wolfsohn <sgignouxwolf at wesleyan.edu>, Thimedi Hetti
	<marinescience+Thimedi at frontiersin.org>, lorenzo
	<lorenzo at cmarl.unam.mx>, Les Kaufman <leskaufman6 at gmail.com>
Subject: [Coral-List] Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease in the Caribbean
	<CAGVTjtGNiENyqxhjAEiuSeO_v8Qw3EEFNEs8tCw7q_wRreWt6w at mail.gmail.com>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8"

Dead Coral-List

Attention:  Call for Manuscripts

Research Topic: Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease in the Caribbean

Please see attached link


Thank you!


William F. Precht

?You never know how strong you are until being strong is the only choice you have?

Bob Marley

"Courage is not having the strength to go on; it is going on when you don't have the strength."

Theodore Roosevelt

William F. Precht

 ?You never know how strong you are until being strong is the only choice you have?

Bob Marley

"Courage is not having the strength to go on; it is going on when you don't have the strength."

Theodore Roosevelt


Message: 3
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2020 10:54:47 -1100
From: Douglas Fenner <douglasfennertassi at gmail.com>
To: coral list <coral-list at coral.aoml.noaa.gov>
Subject: [Coral-List] marine heat waves
	<CAOEmEkG+AMop5jDkqEgPG+qSe20O7OJ_P-GHo0qMMonGNmH4AA at mail.gmail.com>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8"

High-impact marine heat waves attributable to human-induced global warming


Douglas Fenner
Lynker Technologies, LLC, Contractor
NOAA Fisheries Service
Pacific Islands Regional Office
PO Box 7390

Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799  USA

?Don't think of it as the warmest month of August in California in the last century. Think of it as one of the coolest months of August in California in the next century.?

The toxic effects of air pollution are so bad that moving from fossil fuels to clean energy would pay for itself in health-care savings and productivity gains <https://nature.us17.list-manage.com/track/click?u=2c6057c528fdc6f73fa196d9d&id=c9f70ba54f&e=190a62d266>
even if climate change didn?t exist.  In the US alone, decarbonization would save 1.4 MILLION lives in the US alone.  And save $700 Billion a year.

"Already, more people die  <http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/hazstats.shtml>from
heat-related causes in the U.S. than from all other extreme weather events."



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