crcp at africaonline.co.ke
Tue Sep 4 20:09:21 EDT 2001
Tsitiskamma National Park in South Africa may be one of oldest parks, although
not a coral reef park. I have not been able to find its date of origin, but I
think it may go back to the 1930s.
The following are some interesting work done there, but donot gieve the dates
of the park's origin.
Buxton, C. D. 1993. Life-history changes in exploited reef fishes on the east
coast of South Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 36:47-63.
Buxton, C. D., and M. J. Smale. 1989. Abundance and distribution patterns of
three temperate marine reef fish (Teleostei: Sparidae) in exploited and
unexploited areas off the Southern Cape Coast. Journal of Applied Ecology
Christopher Hawkins wrote:
> Hello all,
> It is interesting to hear all of the answers to the question
> "When was the first marine park established?" I have always had
> difficulty with the semantics as far as MPA and marine park etc.
> The first true marine park as we know it today may well be the
> John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park off Key Largo, Florida (as
> cited in several publications), December 1960. Though I suppose
> it depends on one's definition of 'marine park'. I doubt though
> that Ft. Jefferson or other early ones were MPAs or parks as we
> know them today, especially in light of how the rise of
> ecotourism has helped to catagorize many of them. Good luck!
> Christopher Hawkins
> Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies
> University of Newcastle
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Coral Reef Conservation Project
The Wildlife Conservation Society
Kibaki Flats #12
Kenyatta Beach, Bamburi
P.O. Box 99470
email: crcp at africaonline.co.ke
Tel O: 254 11 485570
Tel H: 486549
For directions on subscribing and unsubscribing to coral-list or the
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